The environmental impact of road intersection operations, and in particular of alternative types of traffic control, has received increasing attention in recent years as a factor to be considered in addition to efficiency and safety. The purpose of this study is to provide experimental evidence about this issue based on direct measurement of CO2 emissions produced by a vehicle under traffic signal versus roundabout control. Carbon Dioxide was chosen as specific target of the analysis because of its important contribution to the "greenhouse effect". Using data collected with a Portable Emission Measurement System (PEMS) installed on a test car, a before-and-after analysis was conducted on an intersection where a roundabout has replaced a traffic signal. A total of 396 trips were carried out by two drivers in different traffic conditions and in opposite directions along a designated route. Using statistical methods, the existence of significant differences in CO2 emissions in relation to the type of intersection control was investigated based on the collected data, also considering the effect of other explanatory variables and focusing in particular on peak traffic conditions. More precisely, the effect of the type of control has been characterized using descriptive statistics and permutation tests applied to the entire data set, while an analysis based on binary logistic regression has been performed with specific reference to trips carried out under peak traffic conditions. The results of these analyses support the conclusion that converting a signal-controlled intersection to a roundabout may lead to a decrease in CO2 emissions.

On-road measurement of CO2vehicle emissions under alternative forms of intersection control

Gastaldi, Massimiliano;Meneguzzer, Claudio;Giancristofaro, Rosa Arboretti;Gecchele, Gregorio;Lucia, Luca Della;
2017

Abstract

The environmental impact of road intersection operations, and in particular of alternative types of traffic control, has received increasing attention in recent years as a factor to be considered in addition to efficiency and safety. The purpose of this study is to provide experimental evidence about this issue based on direct measurement of CO2 emissions produced by a vehicle under traffic signal versus roundabout control. Carbon Dioxide was chosen as specific target of the analysis because of its important contribution to the "greenhouse effect". Using data collected with a Portable Emission Measurement System (PEMS) installed on a test car, a before-and-after analysis was conducted on an intersection where a roundabout has replaced a traffic signal. A total of 396 trips were carried out by two drivers in different traffic conditions and in opposite directions along a designated route. Using statistical methods, the existence of significant differences in CO2 emissions in relation to the type of intersection control was investigated based on the collected data, also considering the effect of other explanatory variables and focusing in particular on peak traffic conditions. More precisely, the effect of the type of control has been characterized using descriptive statistics and permutation tests applied to the entire data set, while an analysis based on binary logistic regression has been performed with specific reference to trips carried out under peak traffic conditions. The results of these analyses support the conclusion that converting a signal-controlled intersection to a roundabout may lead to a decrease in CO2 emissions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3255080
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