The current study investigated the presence of different anxiety profiles in schoolchildren in order to understand whether Mathematics and Test Anxiety are a manifestation of a general form of anxiety, or the expression of specific forms of anxiety. Moreover, we also examined the influence of personal protective factors. The results of a latent profile analysis, conducted on 664 children attending grades 3 to 6, clearly identified three different profiles distinguished on the basis of the level of general, test and mathematics anxiety. Protective factors, such as self-concept and resilience, were differently related to anxiety: the former was clearly lower when the risk profile was higher, whereas students were able to maintain a certain level of resilience up to an average risk of developing forms of anxiety. The implications of these findings may lead to the development of specific intervention programs aimed at reducing students’ anxiety and fostering self-concept and resilience.

Anxiety profiles and protective factors: A latent profile analysis in children

Mammarella, Irene C.
Conceptualization
;
DONOLATO, ENRICA
Methodology
;
Caviola, Sara
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Giofrè, David
Formal Analysis
2018

Abstract

The current study investigated the presence of different anxiety profiles in schoolchildren in order to understand whether Mathematics and Test Anxiety are a manifestation of a general form of anxiety, or the expression of specific forms of anxiety. Moreover, we also examined the influence of personal protective factors. The results of a latent profile analysis, conducted on 664 children attending grades 3 to 6, clearly identified three different profiles distinguished on the basis of the level of general, test and mathematics anxiety. Protective factors, such as self-concept and resilience, were differently related to anxiety: the former was clearly lower when the risk profile was higher, whereas students were able to maintain a certain level of resilience up to an average risk of developing forms of anxiety. The implications of these findings may lead to the development of specific intervention programs aimed at reducing students’ anxiety and fostering self-concept and resilience.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3255606
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