The wound healing is a complex process wherein inflammation, proliferation and regeneration evolve according to a spatio-temporal pattern from the activation of coagulation cascade to the formation of a plug clot including fibrin matrix, blood-borne cells and cytokines/growth factors. Creating environments conducive to tissue repair, the haemoderivatives are commonly proposed for the treatment of hard-to-heal wounds. Here, we explored in vitro the intrinsic regenerative potentialities of a leucocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin product, known as CPL-MB, defining the stemness grade of cells sprouting from the haemoderivative. Using highly concentrated serum-based medium to simulate wound conditions, we isolated fibroblast-like cells (CPL-CMCs) adhering to plastic and showing stable in vitro propagation, heterogeneous stem cell expression pattern, endothelial adhesive properties and immunomodulatory profile. Due to their blood derivation and expression of CXCR4, CPL-CMCs have been suggested to be immature cells circulating in peripheral blood at quiescent state until activation by both coagulation event and inflammatory stimuli such as stromal-derived factor 1/SDF1. Expressing integrins (CD49f, CD103), vascular adhesion molecules (CD106, CD166), endoglin (CD105) and remodelling matrix enzymes (MMP2, MMP9, MMP13), they showed a transendothelial migratory potential besides multipotency. Taken together, our data suggested that a standardized, reliable and economically feasible blood product such as CPL-MB functions as an artificial stem cell niche that, under permissive conditions, originate ex vivo immature cells that could be useful for autologous stem cell-based therapies.

Leucocyte and Platelet-rich Fibrin: A carrier of autologous multipotent cells for regenerative medicine

Di Liddo, Rosa
;
Bertalot, Thomas;Schrenk, Sandra;CENZI, CAROLA;Conconi, Maria Teresa;Parnigotto, Pier Paolo
2018

Abstract

The wound healing is a complex process wherein inflammation, proliferation and regeneration evolve according to a spatio-temporal pattern from the activation of coagulation cascade to the formation of a plug clot including fibrin matrix, blood-borne cells and cytokines/growth factors. Creating environments conducive to tissue repair, the haemoderivatives are commonly proposed for the treatment of hard-to-heal wounds. Here, we explored in vitro the intrinsic regenerative potentialities of a leucocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin product, known as CPL-MB, defining the stemness grade of cells sprouting from the haemoderivative. Using highly concentrated serum-based medium to simulate wound conditions, we isolated fibroblast-like cells (CPL-CMCs) adhering to plastic and showing stable in vitro propagation, heterogeneous stem cell expression pattern, endothelial adhesive properties and immunomodulatory profile. Due to their blood derivation and expression of CXCR4, CPL-CMCs have been suggested to be immature cells circulating in peripheral blood at quiescent state until activation by both coagulation event and inflammatory stimuli such as stromal-derived factor 1/SDF1. Expressing integrins (CD49f, CD103), vascular adhesion molecules (CD106, CD166), endoglin (CD105) and remodelling matrix enzymes (MMP2, MMP9, MMP13), they showed a transendothelial migratory potential besides multipotency. Taken together, our data suggested that a standardized, reliable and economically feasible blood product such as CPL-MB functions as an artificial stem cell niche that, under permissive conditions, originate ex vivo immature cells that could be useful for autologous stem cell-based therapies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3257707
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