Strong prognostic markers able to stratify lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) patients are lacking. We evaluated whether a six-immunohistochemical markers panel (TTF1, SP-A, Napsin A, MUC5AC, CDX2 and CK5), defining the putative neoplastic "cell of origin", allows to identify prognostic subgroups among lung ADC. We screened a large cohort of ADC specimens (2003-2013) from Torino Institutional Repository identifying: i) marker positivity by immunohistochemistry ii) main morphological appearance by light microscopy, iii) presence of "hot spot" mutations of candidate genes by Sequenom technology. To evaluate possible predictors of survival and time to recurrence, uni- and multivariable-adjusted comparisons were performed. We identified 4 different subgroups: "alveolar", "bronchiolar", "mixed" and "null" type. Alveolar-differentiated ADC were more common in young (P=.065), female (P=.083) patients, frequently harboring EGFR mutated (P=.003) tumors with acinar pattern (P<.001). Bronchiolar-differentiated ADC were more associated with mucinous and solid pattern (P<.001), higher degree of vascular invasion (P=.01) and KRAS gene mutations (P=.07). Bronchiolar, mixed, and null types were independent negative predictors for overall survival, and the latter two had a shorter time to recurrence. This 'Cell of Origin' classifier is more predictable than morphology and genetics and is an independent predictor of survival on a multivariate analysis.

Cell of origin markers identify different prognostic subgroups of lung adenocarcinoma

Veronese, Nicola;Scarpa, Aldo;
2018

Abstract

Strong prognostic markers able to stratify lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) patients are lacking. We evaluated whether a six-immunohistochemical markers panel (TTF1, SP-A, Napsin A, MUC5AC, CDX2 and CK5), defining the putative neoplastic "cell of origin", allows to identify prognostic subgroups among lung ADC. We screened a large cohort of ADC specimens (2003-2013) from Torino Institutional Repository identifying: i) marker positivity by immunohistochemistry ii) main morphological appearance by light microscopy, iii) presence of "hot spot" mutations of candidate genes by Sequenom technology. To evaluate possible predictors of survival and time to recurrence, uni- and multivariable-adjusted comparisons were performed. We identified 4 different subgroups: "alveolar", "bronchiolar", "mixed" and "null" type. Alveolar-differentiated ADC were more common in young (P=.065), female (P=.083) patients, frequently harboring EGFR mutated (P=.003) tumors with acinar pattern (P<.001). Bronchiolar-differentiated ADC were more associated with mucinous and solid pattern (P<.001), higher degree of vascular invasion (P=.01) and KRAS gene mutations (P=.07). Bronchiolar, mixed, and null types were independent negative predictors for overall survival, and the latter two had a shorter time to recurrence. This 'Cell of Origin' classifier is more predictable than morphology and genetics and is an independent predictor of survival on a multivariate analysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3257920
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