Nafion‑tungsten oxide hybrid membranes, [Nafion/(WO3)x], with varying loading levels of WO3 nanofiller (x = 0, 0.024, 0.329) are prepared and investigated as candidates for application as solid electrolytes in vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs). The thermal properties of [Nafion/(WO3)x] hybrid membranes are probed both by high-resolution thermogravimetric analysis (HR-TGA) and by modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC). Vibrational spectroscopy studies are carried out by: (i) Attenuated Total Reflectance - Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR); and (ii) Raman spectroscopy, to elucidate the secondary structure of [Nafion/(WO3)x] and study the interactions taking place between the nanofiller and the Nafion matrix. The electrical response of [Nafion/(WO3)x] is determined by Broadband Electrical Spectroscopy (BES) and the permeability towards VO2+ is measured by UV-VIS spectrometry. It is demonstrated that the [Nafion/(WO3)x] hybrid membranes exhibit a high ion selectivity (up to 10.6∙103 S∙min∙cm−3 for [Nafion/(WO3)0.329]) that is much improved in comparison with that characterizing recast Nafion (6.5∙103 S∙min∙cm−3). A structural model and a conductivity mechanism for the [Nafion/(WO3)x] hybrid membranes are proposed, in order to rationalize the experimental results and correlate the electrical response with the transport properties.

[Nafion/(WO3)x] hybrid membranes for vanadium redox flow batteries

Sun, Chuanyu;Zlotorowicz, Agnieszka;Nawn, Graeme;Negro, Enrico;Bertasi, Federico;Pagot, Gioele;Vezzù, Keti;Pace, Giuseppe;Guarnieri, Massimo;Di Noto, Vito
2018

Abstract

Nafion‑tungsten oxide hybrid membranes, [Nafion/(WO3)x], with varying loading levels of WO3 nanofiller (x = 0, 0.024, 0.329) are prepared and investigated as candidates for application as solid electrolytes in vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs). The thermal properties of [Nafion/(WO3)x] hybrid membranes are probed both by high-resolution thermogravimetric analysis (HR-TGA) and by modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC). Vibrational spectroscopy studies are carried out by: (i) Attenuated Total Reflectance - Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR); and (ii) Raman spectroscopy, to elucidate the secondary structure of [Nafion/(WO3)x] and study the interactions taking place between the nanofiller and the Nafion matrix. The electrical response of [Nafion/(WO3)x] is determined by Broadband Electrical Spectroscopy (BES) and the permeability towards VO2+ is measured by UV-VIS spectrometry. It is demonstrated that the [Nafion/(WO3)x] hybrid membranes exhibit a high ion selectivity (up to 10.6∙103 S∙min∙cm−3 for [Nafion/(WO3)0.329]) that is much improved in comparison with that characterizing recast Nafion (6.5∙103 S∙min∙cm−3). A structural model and a conductivity mechanism for the [Nafion/(WO3)x] hybrid membranes are proposed, in order to rationalize the experimental results and correlate the electrical response with the transport properties.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3260277
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