Conventional back protectors are comprised of two main parts: elastomeric foams to absorb the impact energy; and thermoplastic polymers to distribute the impact force on a wider area before the absorption process. Thermal comfort is usually maintained by vent holes within the structure. In the present work, the impact behavior of a number of samples made of materials commonly used for manufacturing such protectors was studied. Nitrile butadiene rubber as the soft layer and polyethylene thermoplastic as the hard layer were considered. The variables for the analyses were the thickness of the layers, the sample temperature and the distribution of the vent holes in the sample. The key findings are: the force distribution capability of the hard part and the stability of the impact properties with respect to temperature variations are fairly dependent on the thickness of the soft part; and a reasonable distance between two consecutive vent holes is required for achieving optimal impact protection.

Understanding the impact properties of polymeric sandwich structures used for motorcyclists' back protectors

Khosroshahi, Siamak Farajzadeh;Galvanetto, Ugo
2017

Abstract

Conventional back protectors are comprised of two main parts: elastomeric foams to absorb the impact energy; and thermoplastic polymers to distribute the impact force on a wider area before the absorption process. Thermal comfort is usually maintained by vent holes within the structure. In the present work, the impact behavior of a number of samples made of materials commonly used for manufacturing such protectors was studied. Nitrile butadiene rubber as the soft layer and polyethylene thermoplastic as the hard layer were considered. The variables for the analyses were the thickness of the layers, the sample temperature and the distribution of the vent holes in the sample. The key findings are: the force distribution capability of the hard part and the stability of the impact properties with respect to temperature variations are fairly dependent on the thickness of the soft part; and a reasonable distance between two consecutive vent holes is required for achieving optimal impact protection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3262651
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