Skeletal muscle engineering aims at tissue reconstruction to replace muscle loss following traumatic injury or in congenital muscle defects. Skeletal muscle can be engineered by using biodegradable and biocompatible scaffolds that favor myogenic cell adhesion and subsequent tissue organization. In this study, we characterized scaffolds made of gelatin cross-linked with genipin, a natural derived cross-linking agent with low cytotoxicity and high biocompatibility, for tissue engineering of skeletal muscle. We generated gelatin-genipin hydrogels with a stiffness of 13 kPa to reproduce the mechanical properties characteristic of skeletal muscle and we show that their surface can be topographically patterned through soft lithography to drive myogenic cells differentiation and unidirectional orientation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that these biomaterials can be successfully implanted in vivo under dorsal mouse skin, showing good biocompatibility and slow biodegradation rate. Moreover, the grafting of this biomaterial in partially ablated tibialis anterior muscle does not impair muscle regeneration, supporting future applications of gelatin-genipin biomaterials in the field of skeletal muscle tissue repair.

Gelatin-genipin-based biomaterials for skeletal muscle tissue engineering

Gattazzo, Francesca;Braghetta, Paola;Pinton, Paolo;Bonaldo, Paolo
2018

Abstract

Skeletal muscle engineering aims at tissue reconstruction to replace muscle loss following traumatic injury or in congenital muscle defects. Skeletal muscle can be engineered by using biodegradable and biocompatible scaffolds that favor myogenic cell adhesion and subsequent tissue organization. In this study, we characterized scaffolds made of gelatin cross-linked with genipin, a natural derived cross-linking agent with low cytotoxicity and high biocompatibility, for tissue engineering of skeletal muscle. We generated gelatin-genipin hydrogels with a stiffness of 13 kPa to reproduce the mechanical properties characteristic of skeletal muscle and we show that their surface can be topographically patterned through soft lithography to drive myogenic cells differentiation and unidirectional orientation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that these biomaterials can be successfully implanted in vivo under dorsal mouse skin, showing good biocompatibility and slow biodegradation rate. Moreover, the grafting of this biomaterial in partially ablated tibialis anterior muscle does not impair muscle regeneration, supporting future applications of gelatin-genipin biomaterials in the field of skeletal muscle tissue repair.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3263771
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