The present study aims to contribute to the Italian validation of the How I think questionnaire (HIT) (Barriga et al. (2001). The questionnaire is designed to assess four Self serving cognitive distortions contributing to anti-social behaviours: Self-Centered, Blaming Others, Minimizing /Mislabelling, Assuming the Worst. Some of these distortions have characteristics in common with some of the Mechanisms of moral disengagement described by Bandura, Caprara and co-workers (e.g.: Bandura et al., 1996) and with the Techniques of neutralization identified by Sykes and Matza (1957) even before. What characterizes HIT is its link to a theory of moral development and the central role assigned to Self-Centered (a distortion not mentioned by previous authors). Participants were 1688 secondary school students from Northern and Southern Italy (F = 45%), attending 9th-to-13th grades. A sub-sample of 285 students also completed the DMC questionnaire (Caprara et al., 2006) and Schwartz (1992) Value Survey. A sub-sample of 587 students from 9th, 11th and 13th grades also completed the scales of self-reported deviant behaviour and deviant behaviour disapproval from Jessor Health Behaviour Questionnaire (Jessor et al., 1992). Confirmatory factor analyses highlighted factors matching the four cognitive distortions. Convergent validity of the instrument was confirmed by significant positive correlations between cognitive distortions factorial scores and DMC (.68 < rs < .70) and self-reported deviant behaviours (.58 < rs < .59), and by the significant negative correlation with disapproval of deviant behaviours (-.58 < rs < -.68). A coherent pattern of correlations with values also emerged. We found positive correlations with power (.35 < rs < .40), hedonism (.28 < rs < .31) stimulation (.27 < rs < .31) and achievement (.15 < rs < .17) and negative correlations with benevolence (-.18 < r < -.20), universalism (all rs = -.20), conformity (-.21 < r < -.28) and spirituality (-.16 < rs < -.17). Lastly, an interesting curvilinear relation between age and scores of cognitive distortions is described and tentatively explained.

Il questionario HIT (How I Think) per la misurazione delle distorsioni cognitive che favoriscono il comportamento antisociale. Una validazione su 1688 studenti italiani

Berti, Anna Emilia;Arcuri, Luciano;Pastore, Massimiliano
2017

Abstract

The present study aims to contribute to the Italian validation of the How I think questionnaire (HIT) (Barriga et al. (2001). The questionnaire is designed to assess four Self serving cognitive distortions contributing to anti-social behaviours: Self-Centered, Blaming Others, Minimizing /Mislabelling, Assuming the Worst. Some of these distortions have characteristics in common with some of the Mechanisms of moral disengagement described by Bandura, Caprara and co-workers (e.g.: Bandura et al., 1996) and with the Techniques of neutralization identified by Sykes and Matza (1957) even before. What characterizes HIT is its link to a theory of moral development and the central role assigned to Self-Centered (a distortion not mentioned by previous authors). Participants were 1688 secondary school students from Northern and Southern Italy (F = 45%), attending 9th-to-13th grades. A sub-sample of 285 students also completed the DMC questionnaire (Caprara et al., 2006) and Schwartz (1992) Value Survey. A sub-sample of 587 students from 9th, 11th and 13th grades also completed the scales of self-reported deviant behaviour and deviant behaviour disapproval from Jessor Health Behaviour Questionnaire (Jessor et al., 1992). Confirmatory factor analyses highlighted factors matching the four cognitive distortions. Convergent validity of the instrument was confirmed by significant positive correlations between cognitive distortions factorial scores and DMC (.68 < rs < .70) and self-reported deviant behaviours (.58 < rs < .59), and by the significant negative correlation with disapproval of deviant behaviours (-.58 < rs < -.68). A coherent pattern of correlations with values also emerged. We found positive correlations with power (.35 < rs < .40), hedonism (.28 < rs < .31) stimulation (.27 < rs < .31) and achievement (.15 < rs < .17) and negative correlations with benevolence (-.18 < r < -.20), universalism (all rs = -.20), conformity (-.21 < r < -.28) and spirituality (-.16 < rs < -.17). Lastly, an interesting curvilinear relation between age and scores of cognitive distortions is described and tentatively explained.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3270152
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact