During drying off and transition period, cows are subject to changes in endocrine status, metabolic stressors and altered immune functions, which could lead to an increased risk of disease. To expand our knowledge on the immune/inflammatory status and to identify markers to define cow status during this interval, the pattern of 9 different cellular parameters, 5 cytokines, 2 enzymes and 3 cellular ratios in blood samples were assessed in 15 primiparous cows belonging to three different dairy herds in Lombardy. Our data showed that the variation of almost all parameters was influenced by the physiological period in which the samples were collected, except for apoptosis, IL-1β, IL-6, lysozyme and granulocyte/monocyte ratio. Several markers were directly correlated either to the herd alone (IL-1β, IL-6, lysozyme, granulocyte/lymphocyte ratio and granulocyte/monocyte ratio) or in association with the sampling time (white blood cell count, necrosis, lymphocytes count, CD4+ lymphocytes proportion). Hierarchical cluster analysis identified three herd-associated sample clusters showing different frequency along the follow-up period. The results of this field study highlight the importance of the herd factor in the immune/inflammatory response. Furthermore, these results suggest that cellular parameters are probably the most suitable markers to define cow status during drying-off and the peripartum period.

Effects of herd and physiological status on variation of 16 immunological and inflammatory parameters in dairy cows during drying off and the transition period

Gelain, Maria Elena;
2018

Abstract

During drying off and transition period, cows are subject to changes in endocrine status, metabolic stressors and altered immune functions, which could lead to an increased risk of disease. To expand our knowledge on the immune/inflammatory status and to identify markers to define cow status during this interval, the pattern of 9 different cellular parameters, 5 cytokines, 2 enzymes and 3 cellular ratios in blood samples were assessed in 15 primiparous cows belonging to three different dairy herds in Lombardy. Our data showed that the variation of almost all parameters was influenced by the physiological period in which the samples were collected, except for apoptosis, IL-1β, IL-6, lysozyme and granulocyte/monocyte ratio. Several markers were directly correlated either to the herd alone (IL-1β, IL-6, lysozyme, granulocyte/lymphocyte ratio and granulocyte/monocyte ratio) or in association with the sampling time (white blood cell count, necrosis, lymphocytes count, CD4+ lymphocytes proportion). Hierarchical cluster analysis identified three herd-associated sample clusters showing different frequency along the follow-up period. The results of this field study highlight the importance of the herd factor in the immune/inflammatory response. Furthermore, these results suggest that cellular parameters are probably the most suitable markers to define cow status during drying-off and the peripartum period.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3271133
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