This study aims to compare obesity rates, physical activity levels and compliance with Nutritional Indications (NI), provided by the Estrategia contra el sobrepeso y la obesidad, between three consecutive years (2011, 2012, 2013) in children enrolled in the NutriRun project. Data were collected during the race Carrera Kinder Generación en Movimiento held in Mexico City in 2011, 2012 and 2013. A medical-dietetic questionnaire was administered to parents, investigating what kind of food their children usually had for breakfast, lunch and dinner, physical activity levels and family medical history. Children were weighed and measured and BMI was calculated. In order to evaluate compliance with NI, food reported in the medical-dietetic questionnaire for breakfast and dinner was classified in four main food groups and in other four main food categories for lunch, according to NI. The analysis of overweight/obesity in 2011, 2012 and 2013 revealed a significant reduction (p-value 0.001) of children overweight/obese and an increase of normal weight ones. However, in all the three considered years, they were found to not follow NI because of a poor consumption of fruits and vegetables and of salad. Therefore, further health care policies promoting fruits and vegetables consumption among Mexican families are needed.

Eating patterns in Mexico and obesity in children: Results from the NutriRun project

Lorenzoni, Giulia;Azzolina, Danila;Gregori, Dario;
2017

Abstract

This study aims to compare obesity rates, physical activity levels and compliance with Nutritional Indications (NI), provided by the Estrategia contra el sobrepeso y la obesidad, between three consecutive years (2011, 2012, 2013) in children enrolled in the NutriRun project. Data were collected during the race Carrera Kinder Generación en Movimiento held in Mexico City in 2011, 2012 and 2013. A medical-dietetic questionnaire was administered to parents, investigating what kind of food their children usually had for breakfast, lunch and dinner, physical activity levels and family medical history. Children were weighed and measured and BMI was calculated. In order to evaluate compliance with NI, food reported in the medical-dietetic questionnaire for breakfast and dinner was classified in four main food groups and in other four main food categories for lunch, according to NI. The analysis of overweight/obesity in 2011, 2012 and 2013 revealed a significant reduction (p-value 0.001) of children overweight/obese and an increase of normal weight ones. However, in all the three considered years, they were found to not follow NI because of a poor consumption of fruits and vegetables and of salad. Therefore, further health care policies promoting fruits and vegetables consumption among Mexican families are needed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3276844
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