We have monitored the return to quiescence of novae previously observed in outburst as supersoft X-ray sources, using optical photometry of the intermediate polar (IP) V4743 Sgr and the candidate IP V2491 Cyg, and optical spectroscopy of these two and seven other systems. Our sample includes classical and recurrent novae, short-period (few hours), intermediate-period (1-2days) and long-period (symbiotic) binaries. The light-curves of V4743 Sgr and V2491 Cyg present clear periodic modulations. For V4743 Sgr, the modulation occurs with the beat of the rotational and orbital periods. If the period measured for V2491 Cyg is also the beat of these two periods, the orbital period should be almost 17 h. The recurrent nova T Pyx already shows fragmentation of the nebular shell less than 3 yr after outburst. While this nova still had strong [O III] at this post-outburst epoch, these lines had faded after 3 to 7 yr in all the others. We did not find any difference in the ratio of equivalent widths of high-ionization/excitation lines to that of the Hβ line in novae with short and long orbital periods, indicating that irradiation does not trigger a high mass-transfer rate \dot{m} from secondaries with small orbital separation. An important difference between the spectra of RS Oph and V3890 Sgr and those of many symbiotic persistent supersoft sources is the absence of forbidden coronal lines. In combination with the X-ray turn-off, we interpret this as an indication that mass transfer in symbiotic recurrent novae is intermittent.

### Optical observations of ‘hot’ novae returning to quiescence

#### Abstract

We have monitored the return to quiescence of novae previously observed in outburst as supersoft X-ray sources, using optical photometry of the intermediate polar (IP) V4743 Sgr and the candidate IP V2491 Cyg, and optical spectroscopy of these two and seven other systems. Our sample includes classical and recurrent novae, short-period (few hours), intermediate-period (1-2days) and long-period (symbiotic) binaries. The light-curves of V4743 Sgr and V2491 Cyg present clear periodic modulations. For V4743 Sgr, the modulation occurs with the beat of the rotational and orbital periods. If the period measured for V2491 Cyg is also the beat of these two periods, the orbital period should be almost 17 h. The recurrent nova T Pyx already shows fragmentation of the nebular shell less than 3 yr after outburst. While this nova still had strong [O III] at this post-outburst epoch, these lines had faded after 3 to 7 yr in all the others. We did not find any difference in the ratio of equivalent widths of high-ionization/excitation lines to that of the Hβ line in novae with short and long orbital periods, indicating that irradiation does not trigger a high mass-transfer rate \dot{m} from secondaries with small orbital separation. An important difference between the spectra of RS Oph and V3890 Sgr and those of many symbiotic persistent supersoft sources is the absence of forbidden coronal lines. In combination with the X-ray turn-off, we interpret this as an indication that mass transfer in symbiotic recurrent novae is intermittent.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3286239
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