A gaseous plasma antenna array (PAA) is an aggregate of plasma discharges and possibly conventional metallic radiating elements, and it constitutes a promising alternative to metallic antennas for applications in which fast reconfiguration of radiation pattern, and gain is desired; such properties can be achieved by exploiting the electronic switch on/off condition of plasma discharges, and tuning of the plasma parameters. Here, the authors present a reconfigurable PAA that features a central metallic half-wavelength dipole working around 1.45 GHz, surrounded by a planar circular lattice of cylindrical plasma discharges. Customised plasma discharges have been realised, and filled with argon gas at 2 mbar so as to have a complete control on the plasma discharge properties (e.g. plasma frequency, collisional frequency). The magnitude of the reflection coefficient, and the gain pattern on the H-plane have been investigated numerically and experimentally; numerical and experimental results exhibit a good agreement and show that the central intrinsically omnidirectional antenna can provide simple beamforming capabilities upon turning on a subset of plasma discharges; as these plasma discharges are turned on, the authors have observed a maximum gain of ∼5 dBi, a half-power beam width of 80∘, and an angular steering resolution of ∼15∘.

Beam-forming capabilities of a plasma circular reflector antenna

Melazzi, Davide
;
De Carlo, Paola;Trezzolani, Fabio;Manente, Marco;Capobianco, Antonio-Daniele;Boscolo, Stefano
2018

Abstract

A gaseous plasma antenna array (PAA) is an aggregate of plasma discharges and possibly conventional metallic radiating elements, and it constitutes a promising alternative to metallic antennas for applications in which fast reconfiguration of radiation pattern, and gain is desired; such properties can be achieved by exploiting the electronic switch on/off condition of plasma discharges, and tuning of the plasma parameters. Here, the authors present a reconfigurable PAA that features a central metallic half-wavelength dipole working around 1.45 GHz, surrounded by a planar circular lattice of cylindrical plasma discharges. Customised plasma discharges have been realised, and filled with argon gas at 2 mbar so as to have a complete control on the plasma discharge properties (e.g. plasma frequency, collisional frequency). The magnitude of the reflection coefficient, and the gain pattern on the H-plane have been investigated numerically and experimentally; numerical and experimental results exhibit a good agreement and show that the central intrinsically omnidirectional antenna can provide simple beamforming capabilities upon turning on a subset of plasma discharges; as these plasma discharges are turned on, the authors have observed a maximum gain of ∼5 dBi, a half-power beam width of 80∘, and an angular steering resolution of ∼15∘.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3288285
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