Given an undirected graph, a star partition is a partition of the nodes into subsets with at least two nodes so that the subgraph induced by each subset has a spanning star. Star partitions are related to well-known problems concerning domination in graphs and edge covering. We focus on the Constrained Star Partition Problem (CSP) that asks for finding a star partition of given cardinality. The problem is new and presents interesting peculiarities. We explore the relation between the cardinalities of star partitions and domatic bipartitions, showing that there are star partitions of any cardinality between minimum and maximum values, and that a similar but weaker result holds for domatic bipartitions. We study the computational complexity of different versions of star partition and domatic bipartition problems, proving that most of them, in particular CSP, constrained domatic bipartition and balanced domatic bipartition, are NP-complete. We also show that star partition problems are polynomial on trees and, more generally, on bounded treewidth graphs. We introduce an integer linear programming formulation that defines a polytope containing all the star partitions of a graph, showing that its vertices have only integral components for trees, which implies that linear programming can be used to solve weighted star partition problems on trees.

Star partitions on graphs

Andreatta, G.;De Francesco, C.;De Giovanni, L.;
2019

Abstract

Given an undirected graph, a star partition is a partition of the nodes into subsets with at least two nodes so that the subgraph induced by each subset has a spanning star. Star partitions are related to well-known problems concerning domination in graphs and edge covering. We focus on the Constrained Star Partition Problem (CSP) that asks for finding a star partition of given cardinality. The problem is new and presents interesting peculiarities. We explore the relation between the cardinalities of star partitions and domatic bipartitions, showing that there are star partitions of any cardinality between minimum and maximum values, and that a similar but weaker result holds for domatic bipartitions. We study the computational complexity of different versions of star partition and domatic bipartition problems, proving that most of them, in particular CSP, constrained domatic bipartition and balanced domatic bipartition, are NP-complete. We also show that star partition problems are polynomial on trees and, more generally, on bounded treewidth graphs. We introduce an integer linear programming formulation that defines a polytope containing all the star partitions of a graph, showing that its vertices have only integral components for trees, which implies that linear programming can be used to solve weighted star partition problems on trees.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3288729
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