The ITER Heating Neutral Beam (HNB) injector is required to deliver 16.7 MW of power to the plasma from aneutralized beam of H−/D−negative ions, produced by an RF source and accelerated up to 1 MeV. To enhancethe H−/D−production, Cs will be routinely evaporated in the source by means of specific ovens embedded inthe source, to reduce its work function. Controlling and monitoring the evaporation rate of Cs inside the sourcewill be fundamental to achieve the desired performance for the ITER HNB.The prototype RF negative ion source SPIDER has been developed and built in the Neutral Beam Test Facilityat Consorzio RFX. In SPIDER, liquid Cs based ovens will be used to inject Cs vapors inside the source. TheCAesium Test Stand (CATS) has been specifically designed and set up for testing, commissioning, and char-acterizing Cs ovens in vacuum, but also to study the Cs evaporation and deposition onto surfaces. A SPIDER Csoven prototype has been manufactured and tested in CATS in order to characterize its thermal behavior, bymeans of thermocouples and thermal camera, and its Csflux, by means of Surface Ionization Detectors and LaserAbsorption Spectroscopy.

Characterization of the SPIDER Cs oven prototype in the CAesium Test Stand for the ITER HNB negative ion sources

Barbisan, Marco;De Muri, Michela;Fadone, Michele;Gorno, Sophie;Marchiori, Giuseppe;Migliorato, Luisa;Sartori, Emanuele;Serianni, Gianluigi;Veltri, Pierluigi
2019

Abstract

The ITER Heating Neutral Beam (HNB) injector is required to deliver 16.7 MW of power to the plasma from aneutralized beam of H−/D−negative ions, produced by an RF source and accelerated up to 1 MeV. To enhancethe H−/D−production, Cs will be routinely evaporated in the source by means of specific ovens embedded inthe source, to reduce its work function. Controlling and monitoring the evaporation rate of Cs inside the sourcewill be fundamental to achieve the desired performance for the ITER HNB.The prototype RF negative ion source SPIDER has been developed and built in the Neutral Beam Test Facilityat Consorzio RFX. In SPIDER, liquid Cs based ovens will be used to inject Cs vapors inside the source. TheCAesium Test Stand (CATS) has been specifically designed and set up for testing, commissioning, and char-acterizing Cs ovens in vacuum, but also to study the Cs evaporation and deposition onto surfaces. A SPIDER Csoven prototype has been manufactured and tested in CATS in order to characterize its thermal behavior, bymeans of thermocouples and thermal camera, and its Csflux, by means of Surface Ionization Detectors and LaserAbsorption Spectroscopy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3288803
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