Canine malignant melanoma is a highly aggressive tumor with a low survival rate and represents an ideal spontaneous model for the human counterpart. Considerable progress has been recently obtained, but the therapeutic success for canine melanoma is still challenging. Little is known about the mechanisms beyond pathogenesis and melanoma development, and the molecular response to radiotherapy has never been explored before. A faster and deeper understanding of cancer mutational processes and developing mechanisms are now possible through next generation sequencing technologies. In this study, we matched whole exome and transcriptome sequencing in four dogs affected by malignant melanoma at diagnosis and at disease progression to identify possible genetic mechanisms associated with therapy failure. According to previous studies, a genetic similarity between canine malignant melanoma and its human counterpart was observed. Several somatic mutations were functionally related to MAPK, PI3K/AKT and p53 signaling pathways, but located in genes other than BRAF, RAS and KIT. At disease progression, several mutations were related to therapy effects. Natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity and several immune-system-related pathways resulted activated opening a new scenario on the microenvironment in this tumor. In conclusion, this study suggests a potential role of the immune system associated to radiotherapy in canine melanoma, but a larger sample size associated with functional studies are needed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Longitudinal transcriptomic and genetic landscape of radiotherapy response in canine melanoma

Giannuzzi, Diana
Formal Analysis
;
Ramy, Elgendy
Methodology
;
Ferraresso, Serena
Formal Analysis
;
Fariselli, Piero
Methodology
;
Pegolo, Sara
Formal Analysis
;
Giantin, Mery
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Dacasto, Mauro
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2019

Abstract

Canine malignant melanoma is a highly aggressive tumor with a low survival rate and represents an ideal spontaneous model for the human counterpart. Considerable progress has been recently obtained, but the therapeutic success for canine melanoma is still challenging. Little is known about the mechanisms beyond pathogenesis and melanoma development, and the molecular response to radiotherapy has never been explored before. A faster and deeper understanding of cancer mutational processes and developing mechanisms are now possible through next generation sequencing technologies. In this study, we matched whole exome and transcriptome sequencing in four dogs affected by malignant melanoma at diagnosis and at disease progression to identify possible genetic mechanisms associated with therapy failure. According to previous studies, a genetic similarity between canine malignant melanoma and its human counterpart was observed. Several somatic mutations were functionally related to MAPK, PI3K/AKT and p53 signaling pathways, but located in genes other than BRAF, RAS and KIT. At disease progression, several mutations were related to therapy effects. Natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity and several immune-system-related pathways resulted activated opening a new scenario on the microenvironment in this tumor. In conclusion, this study suggests a potential role of the immune system associated to radiotherapy in canine melanoma, but a larger sample size associated with functional studies are needed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3290286
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