It is still not clear whether primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is associated with abnormalities of the cardiovascular system. We aimed to assess the relationship between PBC and coronary flow reserve (CFR). METHODS: Our inclusion criterion was a diagnosis of PBC with no clinical evidence of heart disease or metabolic syndrome. Coronary flow velocity in the left anterior descending coronary artery was measured using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography at rest (DFVr), and during adenosine infusion (DFVh). The corrected CFR (cCFR) was defined as the ratio of DFVh to DFVr corrected for cardiac workload (cDFVr). Microvascular resistance was also assessed in baseline (BMR) and hyperemic conditions (HMR). RESULTS: 37 PBC patients and 37 sex- and age-matched controls were considered. The cCFR was significantly lower in PBC patients (2.8 ± 0.7 vs. 3.7 ± 0.7, p < 0.0001), and abnormal (≤2.5) in 13 (35%) of them, but in none of the controls (p < 0.0001). The cDFVr was higher in patients with abnormal cCFR (29.0 ± 6.0 vs. 20.4 ± 4.5 cm/sec, p < 0.0001). The CFR and cCFR did not correlate with any characteristics of PBC, comorbidities or Framingham risk scores. The BMR and HMR correlated with time since PBC diagnosis and duration of symptoms. CONCLUSION: The CFR is reduced in PBC, apparently due to mechanisms correlating with the time since diagnosis. In particular, the higher cDFVr with a lower basal resistance in patients with cCFR ≤ 2.5 suggests a compensatory mechanism against any cardiomyocyte bioenergetics impairment.

Coronary flow reserve in patients with primary biliary cholangitis

Cazzagon, Nora;Dal Lin, Carlo;Famoso, Giulia;Franceschet, Irene;Floreani, Annarosa;Tona, Francesco
2018

Abstract

It is still not clear whether primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is associated with abnormalities of the cardiovascular system. We aimed to assess the relationship between PBC and coronary flow reserve (CFR). METHODS: Our inclusion criterion was a diagnosis of PBC with no clinical evidence of heart disease or metabolic syndrome. Coronary flow velocity in the left anterior descending coronary artery was measured using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography at rest (DFVr), and during adenosine infusion (DFVh). The corrected CFR (cCFR) was defined as the ratio of DFVh to DFVr corrected for cardiac workload (cDFVr). Microvascular resistance was also assessed in baseline (BMR) and hyperemic conditions (HMR). RESULTS: 37 PBC patients and 37 sex- and age-matched controls were considered. The cCFR was significantly lower in PBC patients (2.8 ± 0.7 vs. 3.7 ± 0.7, p < 0.0001), and abnormal (≤2.5) in 13 (35%) of them, but in none of the controls (p < 0.0001). The cDFVr was higher in patients with abnormal cCFR (29.0 ± 6.0 vs. 20.4 ± 4.5 cm/sec, p < 0.0001). The CFR and cCFR did not correlate with any characteristics of PBC, comorbidities or Framingham risk scores. The BMR and HMR correlated with time since PBC diagnosis and duration of symptoms. CONCLUSION: The CFR is reduced in PBC, apparently due to mechanisms correlating with the time since diagnosis. In particular, the higher cDFVr with a lower basal resistance in patients with cCFR ≤ 2.5 suggests a compensatory mechanism against any cardiomyocyte bioenergetics impairment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3291034
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