The rapid involution that happens in some muscles of ungulate fetlock joints has never been investigated at an ultrastructural level. In this study, the proximal sesamoidean ligament (PSL) of sheep was chosen as a model to investigate, at the cellular level, the transition from muscle to connective structures that occurs during early development. In particular, we were interested in observing the presence of satellite cells and fibroblasts, detecting fluctuations in their numbers in the postnatal developing PSL, and evaluating putative apoptotic mechanisms. Interestingly, some features were shared by both PSL involution and muscle ageing; the most relevant being the significant and rapid decrease in the number of satellite cells together with a quick proliferation of fibroblasts in the muscle-connective transitional area (MCT-TA). Electron microscopy and immunohistochemical analyses revealed putative cellular mechanisms that led to a progressive involution of the muscle portion of the PSL during postnatal growth. Our findings showed a fast transition from muscle to connective tissue due to the depletion of satellite cells, apoptosis of some muscle fibres, and simultaneous proliferation of fibroblasts originating from mesenchymal progenitors or from differentiation of satellite cells typically located at the border between muscle and connective tissue of the PSL.

The natural involution of the sheep proximal sesamoidean ligament is due to depletion of satellite cells and simultaneous proliferation of fibroblasts: Ultrastructural evidence

Melotti, L.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Mascarello, F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Maccatrozzo, L.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Patruno, M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2019

Abstract

The rapid involution that happens in some muscles of ungulate fetlock joints has never been investigated at an ultrastructural level. In this study, the proximal sesamoidean ligament (PSL) of sheep was chosen as a model to investigate, at the cellular level, the transition from muscle to connective structures that occurs during early development. In particular, we were interested in observing the presence of satellite cells and fibroblasts, detecting fluctuations in their numbers in the postnatal developing PSL, and evaluating putative apoptotic mechanisms. Interestingly, some features were shared by both PSL involution and muscle ageing; the most relevant being the significant and rapid decrease in the number of satellite cells together with a quick proliferation of fibroblasts in the muscle-connective transitional area (MCT-TA). Electron microscopy and immunohistochemical analyses revealed putative cellular mechanisms that led to a progressive involution of the muscle portion of the PSL during postnatal growth. Our findings showed a fast transition from muscle to connective tissue due to the depletion of satellite cells, apoptosis of some muscle fibres, and simultaneous proliferation of fibroblasts originating from mesenchymal progenitors or from differentiation of satellite cells typically located at the border between muscle and connective tissue of the PSL.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3296393
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