Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs), which are obtained by coupling a potent cytotoxic agent to a monoclonal antibody (mAb), are traditionally bound in a random way to lysine or cysteine residues, with the final product's heterogeneity having an important impact on their activity, characterization, and manufacturing. A new antibody drug delivery system (ADS) based on a non-covalent linkage between a Fc-binding protein, in this case Protein A or Protein G, and a mAb was investigated in the effort to achieve greater homogeneity and to create a versatile and adaptable drug delivery system. Recombinant staphylococcal Protein A and streptococcal Protein G were chemically PEGylated at the N-terminus with a 5 kDa and a 20 kDa PEG, respectively, yielding two monoconjugates with a mass of ≈ 50 and ≈ 45 kDa. Circular dichroism studies showed that both conjugates preserved secondary structures of the protein, and isothermal titration calorimetry experiments demonstrated that their affinity for mAb was approximately 107 M-1. Upon complexation with a mAb (Trastuzumab or Rituximab), in vitro flow-cytometry analysis of the new ADSs showed high selectivity for the specific antigen expressing cells. In addition, the ADS complex based on Trastuzumab and Protein G, conjugated with a heterobifunctional 20 kDa PEG carrying the toxin Tubulysin A, had a marked cytotoxic effect on the cancer cell line overexpressing the HER2/neu receptor, thus supporting its application in cancer therapy.

A Non-Covalent Antibody Complex for the Delivery of anti-cancer drugs

Maso, Katia;Monia Montagner, Isabella;Grigoletto, Antonella;Schiavon, Oddone;Rosato, Antonio
;
Pasut, Gianfranco
2019

Abstract

Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs), which are obtained by coupling a potent cytotoxic agent to a monoclonal antibody (mAb), are traditionally bound in a random way to lysine or cysteine residues, with the final product's heterogeneity having an important impact on their activity, characterization, and manufacturing. A new antibody drug delivery system (ADS) based on a non-covalent linkage between a Fc-binding protein, in this case Protein A or Protein G, and a mAb was investigated in the effort to achieve greater homogeneity and to create a versatile and adaptable drug delivery system. Recombinant staphylococcal Protein A and streptococcal Protein G were chemically PEGylated at the N-terminus with a 5 kDa and a 20 kDa PEG, respectively, yielding two monoconjugates with a mass of ≈ 50 and ≈ 45 kDa. Circular dichroism studies showed that both conjugates preserved secondary structures of the protein, and isothermal titration calorimetry experiments demonstrated that their affinity for mAb was approximately 107 M-1. Upon complexation with a mAb (Trastuzumab or Rituximab), in vitro flow-cytometry analysis of the new ADSs showed high selectivity for the specific antigen expressing cells. In addition, the ADS complex based on Trastuzumab and Protein G, conjugated with a heterobifunctional 20 kDa PEG carrying the toxin Tubulysin A, had a marked cytotoxic effect on the cancer cell line overexpressing the HER2/neu receptor, thus supporting its application in cancer therapy.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
A non-covalent antibody complex for the delivery of anti-cancer drugs.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Published (publisher's version)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.7 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.7 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3303601
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact