Background Few studies have examined the effect of transmurality of myocardial necrosis on coronary microcirculation. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of cardiac magnetic resonance-derived (GE-MRI) structural determinants of coronary flow reserve (CFR) after anterior myocardial infarction (STEMI), and their predictive value on regional functional recovery. Methods Noninvasive CFR and GE-MRI were studied in 37 anterior STEMI patients after primary coronary angioplasty. The wall motion score index in the left descending anterior coronary artery territory (A-WMSI) was calculated at admission and follow-up (FU). Recovery of regional left ventricular (LV) function was defined as the difference in A-WMSI at admission and FU. The necrosis score index (NSI) and transmurality score index (TSI) by GE-MRI were calculated in the risk area. Baseline (BMR) and hyperemic (HMR) microvascular resistance, arteriolar resistance index (ARI), and coronary resistance reserve (CRR) were calculated at the Doppler echocardiography. Results Bivariate analysis indicated that the CPK and troponin I peak, heart rate, NSI, TSI, BMR, the ARI, and CRR were related to CFR. Multivariable analysis revealed that TSI was the only independent determinant of CFR. The CFR value of >2.27, identified as optimal by ROC analysis, was 77% specific and 73% sensitive with accuracy of 76% in identifying patients with functional recovery. Conclusions Preservation of microvascular function after AMI is related to the extent of transmurality of myocardial necrosis, is an important factor influencing regional LV recovery, and can be monitored by noninvasive CFR.

Coronary flow reserve is related to the extension and transmurality of myocardial necrosis and predicts functional recovery after acute myocardial infarction

Tona F.;CACCIAVILLANI, LUCA;Iliceto S.;Perazzolo Marra M.;MELONI, LIDIA
2019

Abstract

Background Few studies have examined the effect of transmurality of myocardial necrosis on coronary microcirculation. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of cardiac magnetic resonance-derived (GE-MRI) structural determinants of coronary flow reserve (CFR) after anterior myocardial infarction (STEMI), and their predictive value on regional functional recovery. Methods Noninvasive CFR and GE-MRI were studied in 37 anterior STEMI patients after primary coronary angioplasty. The wall motion score index in the left descending anterior coronary artery territory (A-WMSI) was calculated at admission and follow-up (FU). Recovery of regional left ventricular (LV) function was defined as the difference in A-WMSI at admission and FU. The necrosis score index (NSI) and transmurality score index (TSI) by GE-MRI were calculated in the risk area. Baseline (BMR) and hyperemic (HMR) microvascular resistance, arteriolar resistance index (ARI), and coronary resistance reserve (CRR) were calculated at the Doppler echocardiography. Results Bivariate analysis indicated that the CPK and troponin I peak, heart rate, NSI, TSI, BMR, the ARI, and CRR were related to CFR. Multivariable analysis revealed that TSI was the only independent determinant of CFR. The CFR value of >2.27, identified as optimal by ROC analysis, was 77% specific and 73% sensitive with accuracy of 76% in identifying patients with functional recovery. Conclusions Preservation of microvascular function after AMI is related to the extent of transmurality of myocardial necrosis, is an important factor influencing regional LV recovery, and can be monitored by noninvasive CFR.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3307538
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