Alternative fuels have become an effective solution to reduce the impact of road transport on the environment. On the other hand, the growing uses of air-conditioning (AC) have contributed to worsening the fuel economy of passenger vehicles. Liquid petroleum gas (LPG), if injected in the gaseous phase to power SI engines, may allow reducing the fuel consumption due to AC devices through the recovery of cooling energy from the fuel systems. This paper presents lab-scale tests of an air conditioning system prototype for LPG-fuelled vehicles. The prototype has been assembled using standard vehicle components to quantify the cooling energy recoverable from the LPG evaporation before the fuel is injected into the engine intake manifold. Temperature and humidity of the air exiting the LPG evaporator are measured for fuel mass flow rates typical of light-duty vehicles. The energy efficiency ratio (EER) of the prototype achieves 2.72 when cooling power equals 1.2 kW. Although the system tested needs improvements, the experimental data show that the cooling energy recovered by LPG evaporation can significantly reduce the power consumption of standard AC systems in passenger cars.

Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) of Novel Air Conditioning System on LPG Fuelled Vehicle: A Lab-Scale Investigation

Paolo Gobbato;Massimo Masi
2019

Abstract

Alternative fuels have become an effective solution to reduce the impact of road transport on the environment. On the other hand, the growing uses of air-conditioning (AC) have contributed to worsening the fuel economy of passenger vehicles. Liquid petroleum gas (LPG), if injected in the gaseous phase to power SI engines, may allow reducing the fuel consumption due to AC devices through the recovery of cooling energy from the fuel systems. This paper presents lab-scale tests of an air conditioning system prototype for LPG-fuelled vehicles. The prototype has been assembled using standard vehicle components to quantify the cooling energy recoverable from the LPG evaporation before the fuel is injected into the engine intake manifold. Temperature and humidity of the air exiting the LPG evaporator are measured for fuel mass flow rates typical of light-duty vehicles. The energy efficiency ratio (EER) of the prototype achieves 2.72 when cooling power equals 1.2 kW. Although the system tested needs improvements, the experimental data show that the cooling energy recovered by LPG evaporation can significantly reduce the power consumption of standard AC systems in passenger cars.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3312968
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