Immunotherapy has been recently approved for gastric (GC) and gastroesophageal-junction adenocarcinomas (GEC), and PD-L1 immunohistochemical evaluation represents a promising predictive biomarker in this oncological setting. A series of 125 gastroesophageal dysplastic lesions (52 low-grade, 73 high-grade) was investigated for PD-L1 and DNA mismatch repair proteins status. PD-L1 was positive (combined positive score (CPS) >= 1) in 48 (31.0%) dysplastic lesions. A higher prevalence of PD-L1-positive cases was observed among esophageal specimens compared with gastric ones (p = 0.0003), in high-grade and adenocarcinoma samples in comparison with low-grade dysplasia (p < 0.0001), and in lesions with mismatch repair deficiency (p = 0.028). For 30 dysplastic samples, a synchronous matched invasive lesion (GC = 15, GEC = 15) was available and tested for PD-L1 expression; a discordant PD-L1 status was observed in 12/30 (40%) cases. A relatively high prevalence in PD-L1 positivity was observed among gastroesophageal dysplastic lesions and this should be taken into consideration for future therapeutic strategies based on this biomarker.

PD-L1 expression in gastroesophageal dysplastic lesions

Fassan M.
;
Brignola S.;Pennelli G.;ALBERTI, GIULIA
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pellino A.;Lanza C.;Salmaso R.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Lonardi S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pucciarelli S.;Spolverato G.;Farinati F.;Rugge M.;Loupakis F.
2019

Abstract

Immunotherapy has been recently approved for gastric (GC) and gastroesophageal-junction adenocarcinomas (GEC), and PD-L1 immunohistochemical evaluation represents a promising predictive biomarker in this oncological setting. A series of 125 gastroesophageal dysplastic lesions (52 low-grade, 73 high-grade) was investigated for PD-L1 and DNA mismatch repair proteins status. PD-L1 was positive (combined positive score (CPS) >= 1) in 48 (31.0%) dysplastic lesions. A higher prevalence of PD-L1-positive cases was observed among esophageal specimens compared with gastric ones (p = 0.0003), in high-grade and adenocarcinoma samples in comparison with low-grade dysplasia (p < 0.0001), and in lesions with mismatch repair deficiency (p = 0.028). For 30 dysplastic samples, a synchronous matched invasive lesion (GC = 15, GEC = 15) was available and tested for PD-L1 expression; a discordant PD-L1 status was observed in 12/30 (40%) cases. A relatively high prevalence in PD-L1 positivity was observed among gastroesophageal dysplastic lesions and this should be taken into consideration for future therapeutic strategies based on this biomarker.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3316913
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