Human cDNA coding for the hyperpolarization-activated "pacemaker" channel HCN2 was expressed in Phoenix cells and yielded an inward current (IhHCN2) activated on hyperpolarization. The average IhHCN2 was half-activated at -83.1 mV and its kinetics could be described by second-order Hodgkin-Huxley gating. The time constant curve was bell-shaped and peaked at -82.2 mV. With 115 mM external Na+ and 30 mM external K+, IhHCN2 reversed at -17.1 mV, and had a mean conductance of 5.6 nS. Reducing the external K+ or Na+ concentration led to a concentration-dependent reduction of the IhHCN2 conductance and to a hyperpolarizing shift of reversal potential. External Cs+ ions (5 mM) blocked IhHCN2 in a voltage-dependent way according to a Woodhull-type block model, at an electrical distance of 0.66 from the external membrane surface, and with a dissociation constant of 15 mM at 0 mV. Increasing cytoplasmic cAMP using forskolin increased IhHCN2 by shifting the current activation curve to more positive voltages (11.7 mV). Exposure of the intracellular side of inside-out macro-patches to cAMP led to a depolarizing shift of the channel open probability curve (15.2 mV with 10 microM cAMP). These results indicate that although hHCN2 channels share several properties with native cardiac f-channels, differences also exist in permeability and block properties, suggesting that native channels may not be composed simply of homomeric constructs.

Kinetic and ionic properties of the human HCN2 pacemaker channel

Viscomi, C;Morgan, J;
2000

Abstract

Human cDNA coding for the hyperpolarization-activated "pacemaker" channel HCN2 was expressed in Phoenix cells and yielded an inward current (IhHCN2) activated on hyperpolarization. The average IhHCN2 was half-activated at -83.1 mV and its kinetics could be described by second-order Hodgkin-Huxley gating. The time constant curve was bell-shaped and peaked at -82.2 mV. With 115 mM external Na+ and 30 mM external K+, IhHCN2 reversed at -17.1 mV, and had a mean conductance of 5.6 nS. Reducing the external K+ or Na+ concentration led to a concentration-dependent reduction of the IhHCN2 conductance and to a hyperpolarizing shift of reversal potential. External Cs+ ions (5 mM) blocked IhHCN2 in a voltage-dependent way according to a Woodhull-type block model, at an electrical distance of 0.66 from the external membrane surface, and with a dissociation constant of 15 mM at 0 mV. Increasing cytoplasmic cAMP using forskolin increased IhHCN2 by shifting the current activation curve to more positive voltages (11.7 mV). Exposure of the intracellular side of inside-out macro-patches to cAMP led to a depolarizing shift of the channel open probability curve (15.2 mV with 10 microM cAMP). These results indicate that although hHCN2 channels share several properties with native cardiac f-channels, differences also exist in permeability and block properties, suggesting that native channels may not be composed simply of homomeric constructs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3321867
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