Describing and monitoring socioeconomic inequalities in health are the prerequisite for planning equity policies. In Italy, some cities have integrated personal information from the municipal registries with Census data and with data from healthcare information systems to set up Longitudinal Metropolitan Studies (LMS). Under the coordination of the Italian National Institute for Health, Migration, and Poverty (NIHMP), six cities in the LMS network have contributed to the present monograph: Turin, Venice, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna, and Rome. MORTALITY RESULTS. Significant socioeconomic differences by level of education were seen in all the participating centres. People who live alone or in single-parent households are more likely to die, as are those living in a substandard dwelling. Immigrants resident in the six cities included in the study showed lower all-cause mortality than Italians (males: MRR 0.83; 95%CI 0.78-0.90 - females: MRR 0.70; 95%CI 0.64-0.77). Sub-Saharan Africans experienced a significant higher mortality than Italians (males: MRR 1.33; 95%CI 1.12-1.59 - females: MMR 1.69; 95%CI 1.31-2.17). Immigrants had a neonatal and post-neonatal mortality risk about 1.5 times higher than Italians (neonatal: OR 1.71; 95%CI 1.22-2.39 - post-neonatal: OR 1.63; 95%CI 1.03-2.57). A difference between Italians and immigrants was also observed for mortality in children aged 1-4 years, though less marked (OR 1.24; 95%CI 0.73-2.11). Excesses concerned particularly immigrants from North Africa and from sub-Saharan Africa as well as those residing in Italy for >5 years. HOSPITALISATION RESULTS. Hospitalisation rates are lower for immigrants than for Italians, except when due to infectious diseases, blood disorders, and, among women, for reasons linked to pregnancy and childbirth. Avoidable hospitalisation rates of adults from low migratory pressure Countries are lower than or equal to those of Italians. On the contrary, adults from low migratory pressure Countries show higher avoidable hospitalisation rates compared to Italians in every cohort, with the exception of Rome (RR 0.81; 95%CI 0.78-0.85), with RR ranging from 1.08 (95%CI 0.96-1.22) in Venice to 1.64 (95%CI 1.47-1.83) in Modena.

[Immigrants' health and socioeconomic inequalities of overall population residing in Italy evaluated through the Italian network of Longitudinal Metropolitan Studies]

Barbieri, Giulia;Bardin, Andrea;Biggeri, Annibale;Canova, Cristina;Dalla Zuanna, Teresa;Ferracin, Elisa;Simonato, Lorenzo;
2019

Abstract

Describing and monitoring socioeconomic inequalities in health are the prerequisite for planning equity policies. In Italy, some cities have integrated personal information from the municipal registries with Census data and with data from healthcare information systems to set up Longitudinal Metropolitan Studies (LMS). Under the coordination of the Italian National Institute for Health, Migration, and Poverty (NIHMP), six cities in the LMS network have contributed to the present monograph: Turin, Venice, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna, and Rome. MORTALITY RESULTS. Significant socioeconomic differences by level of education were seen in all the participating centres. People who live alone or in single-parent households are more likely to die, as are those living in a substandard dwelling. Immigrants resident in the six cities included in the study showed lower all-cause mortality than Italians (males: MRR 0.83; 95%CI 0.78-0.90 - females: MRR 0.70; 95%CI 0.64-0.77). Sub-Saharan Africans experienced a significant higher mortality than Italians (males: MRR 1.33; 95%CI 1.12-1.59 - females: MMR 1.69; 95%CI 1.31-2.17). Immigrants had a neonatal and post-neonatal mortality risk about 1.5 times higher than Italians (neonatal: OR 1.71; 95%CI 1.22-2.39 - post-neonatal: OR 1.63; 95%CI 1.03-2.57). A difference between Italians and immigrants was also observed for mortality in children aged 1-4 years, though less marked (OR 1.24; 95%CI 0.73-2.11). Excesses concerned particularly immigrants from North Africa and from sub-Saharan Africa as well as those residing in Italy for >5 years. HOSPITALISATION RESULTS. Hospitalisation rates are lower for immigrants than for Italians, except when due to infectious diseases, blood disorders, and, among women, for reasons linked to pregnancy and childbirth. Avoidable hospitalisation rates of adults from low migratory pressure Countries are lower than or equal to those of Italians. On the contrary, adults from low migratory pressure Countries show higher avoidable hospitalisation rates compared to Italians in every cohort, with the exception of Rome (RR 0.81; 95%CI 0.78-0.85), with RR ranging from 1.08 (95%CI 0.96-1.22) in Venice to 1.64 (95%CI 1.47-1.83) in Modena.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3324418
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