A diabetic cat was referred because of poor metabolic control and difficulties the owner experienced injecting insulin. A pump, telemetrically controlled with a smartphone, was implanted subcutaneously to deliver insulin. Before implantation, the pump reservoir was filled with a rapid-acting human recombinant insulin. The insulin was administered through continuous infusion or periodic boluses over 2 weeks while the cat was hospitalized and over another 2 weeks after discharge from the hospital. Adjustments of insulin dosage were performed based on blood glucose concentrations measured with a continuous blood monitoring system (CGMS). The cat achieved diabetic remission that is still lasting after 1 year. The treatment protocol adopted in this cat contributed to achieving remission. The owner's unwillingness to inject insulin into an uncooperative cat was circumvented with the implantable pump. Key clinical message: The implantable subcutaneous pump, telemetrically controlled by a smartphone, easily allowed the clinician to modify the type of administration and the amount of insulin delivered; the concurrent use of a CGMS allowed detection of sudden changes in blood glucose while limiting stress to the cat.

Diabetic remission in a cat treated with an implantable pump to deliver insulin

Coppola L. M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Zini E.
Supervision
2020

Abstract

A diabetic cat was referred because of poor metabolic control and difficulties the owner experienced injecting insulin. A pump, telemetrically controlled with a smartphone, was implanted subcutaneously to deliver insulin. Before implantation, the pump reservoir was filled with a rapid-acting human recombinant insulin. The insulin was administered through continuous infusion or periodic boluses over 2 weeks while the cat was hospitalized and over another 2 weeks after discharge from the hospital. Adjustments of insulin dosage were performed based on blood glucose concentrations measured with a continuous blood monitoring system (CGMS). The cat achieved diabetic remission that is still lasting after 1 year. The treatment protocol adopted in this cat contributed to achieving remission. The owner's unwillingness to inject insulin into an uncooperative cat was circumvented with the implantable pump. Key clinical message: The implantable subcutaneous pump, telemetrically controlled by a smartphone, easily allowed the clinician to modify the type of administration and the amount of insulin delivered; the concurrent use of a CGMS allowed detection of sudden changes in blood glucose while limiting stress to the cat.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3327895
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