Background: Obesity has become an increasing problem worldwide during the past few decades. Hence, surgeons and anaesthetists will care for an increasing number of obese patients in the foreseeable future, and should be prepared to provide optimal management for these individuals. This review provides an update of recent evidence regarding perioperative strategies for obese patients. Methods: A search for papers on the perioperative care of obese patients (English language only) was performed in July 2019 using the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Library electronic databases. The review focused on the results of RCTs, although observational studies, meta-analyses, reviews, guidelines and other reports discussing the perioperative care of obese patients were also considered. When data from obese patients were not available, relevant data from non-obese populations were used. Results and conclusion: Obese patients require comprehensive preoperative evaluation. Experienced medical teams, appropriate equipment and monitoring, careful anaesthetic management, and an adequate perioperative ventilation strategy may improve postoperative outcomes. Additional perioperative precautions are necessary in patients with severe morbid obesity, metabolic syndrome, untreated or severe obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, or obesity hypoventilation syndrome; patients receiving home ventilatory support or postoperative opioid therapy; and obese patients undergoing open operations, long procedures or revisional surgery.

Perioperative care of the obese patient

Carron M.
;
Safaee Fakhr B.
Data Curation
;
Ieppariello G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2020

Abstract

Background: Obesity has become an increasing problem worldwide during the past few decades. Hence, surgeons and anaesthetists will care for an increasing number of obese patients in the foreseeable future, and should be prepared to provide optimal management for these individuals. This review provides an update of recent evidence regarding perioperative strategies for obese patients. Methods: A search for papers on the perioperative care of obese patients (English language only) was performed in July 2019 using the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Library electronic databases. The review focused on the results of RCTs, although observational studies, meta-analyses, reviews, guidelines and other reports discussing the perioperative care of obese patients were also considered. When data from obese patients were not available, relevant data from non-obese populations were used. Results and conclusion: Obese patients require comprehensive preoperative evaluation. Experienced medical teams, appropriate equipment and monitoring, careful anaesthetic management, and an adequate perioperative ventilation strategy may improve postoperative outcomes. Additional perioperative precautions are necessary in patients with severe morbid obesity, metabolic syndrome, untreated or severe obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, or obesity hypoventilation syndrome; patients receiving home ventilatory support or postoperative opioid therapy; and obese patients undergoing open operations, long procedures or revisional surgery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3328851
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