During the last decade, the worldwide incidence of keratinocyte carcinomas (KC) has increased significantly. They are now the most common malignancy, representing approximately 30% of all cancers. The role of ultraviolet (UV) radiation as a major environmental risk factor for skin cancers is well recognized. The aim of this review is to analyse the current understanding of the nature of beta-human papillomavirus (HPV) and its association with KC and explore the implications for the management and prevention of these cancers. A comprehensive review of the literature on beta-HPV and its association with KC was undertaken, the results reported in the form of a narrative review. A subgroup of HPV that infects the mucosal epithelia of the genital tract has been firmly associated with carcinogenesis. In addition, some HPV types with cutaneous tropism have been proposed to cooperate with UV in the development of KC. The first evidence for this association was reported in 1922 in patients with epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV). Since then, epidemiological studies have highlighted the higher risk of skin cancer in patients with EV and certain cutaneous HPV types, and in vitro studies have elucidated molecular mechanisms and transforming properties of beta-HPV. Furthermore, in vivo research conducted on transgenic mice models has shown the possible role of beta-HPV in cutaneous carcinogenesis as a co-factor with UV radiation and immunosuppression. There is good evidence supporting the role of beta-HPV in the oncogenesis of KC. The high prevalence of beta-HPV in human skin and the worldwide burden of KC makes the search for an effective vaccine relevant and worthwhile.

Beta human papillomaviruses infection and skin carcinogenesis

Bandolin, Luigia;Borsetto, Daniele;Da Mosto, Maria Cristina;Nicolai, Piero;Menegaldo, Anna;Boscolo-Rizzo, Paolo
2020

Abstract

During the last decade, the worldwide incidence of keratinocyte carcinomas (KC) has increased significantly. They are now the most common malignancy, representing approximately 30% of all cancers. The role of ultraviolet (UV) radiation as a major environmental risk factor for skin cancers is well recognized. The aim of this review is to analyse the current understanding of the nature of beta-human papillomavirus (HPV) and its association with KC and explore the implications for the management and prevention of these cancers. A comprehensive review of the literature on beta-HPV and its association with KC was undertaken, the results reported in the form of a narrative review. A subgroup of HPV that infects the mucosal epithelia of the genital tract has been firmly associated with carcinogenesis. In addition, some HPV types with cutaneous tropism have been proposed to cooperate with UV in the development of KC. The first evidence for this association was reported in 1922 in patients with epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV). Since then, epidemiological studies have highlighted the higher risk of skin cancer in patients with EV and certain cutaneous HPV types, and in vitro studies have elucidated molecular mechanisms and transforming properties of beta-HPV. Furthermore, in vivo research conducted on transgenic mice models has shown the possible role of beta-HPV in cutaneous carcinogenesis as a co-factor with UV radiation and immunosuppression. There is good evidence supporting the role of beta-HPV in the oncogenesis of KC. The high prevalence of beta-HPV in human skin and the worldwide burden of KC makes the search for an effective vaccine relevant and worthwhile.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3334780
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