Background: Sodium hyaluronate has been proposed as a treatment for improving the symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis. The present study evaluated the effect of the intranasal administration of hyaluronic acid in a group of patients affected by chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP). Materials and methods: Thirty subjects aged 18–65 years affected by CRSsNP were enrolled. The subjects were randomly administered hyaluronic acid or isotonic saline solution by nasal nebulizer twice per day for 30 days. They were evaluated before (T0) and after the treatment (T1) with Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22, visual analogue scale for rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, facial pain and hyposmia/hypogeusia, nasal endoscopy, active anterior rhinomanometry, peak nasal inspiratory flow and nasal cytology. Results: Comparing the study and the control group, at T1 no significant differences were observed in both objective and subjective parameters. Being included in the study group rather than in the control group did not have a significant effect on the variation of the considered parameters between T0 and T1. Considering the effects of the micronized douches independently from the type of solution used (either hyaluronic acid or isotonic saline solution), although no difference emerged between study and control group for any of the objective parameters, there was an improvement of Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 scores (p = .0005), visual analogue scale for nasal obstruction (p = .0006) and for hyposmia/hypogeusia (p = .04). Conclusions: The treatment with micronized nasal douches can improve the sino-nasal symptoms of CRSsNP, in particular nasal obstruction and olfactory ability. No advantage of the use of hyaluronic acid over isotonic saline solution emerged.

Effectiveness of micronized nasal irrigations with hyaluronic acid/isotonic saline solution in non-polypoid chronic rhinosinusitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study.

Savietto E;Marioni G;Maculan P;Pettorelli A;Scarpa B;Simoni E;Astolfi L;Marchese-Ragona R;Ottaviano G.
2020

Abstract

Background: Sodium hyaluronate has been proposed as a treatment for improving the symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis. The present study evaluated the effect of the intranasal administration of hyaluronic acid in a group of patients affected by chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP). Materials and methods: Thirty subjects aged 18–65 years affected by CRSsNP were enrolled. The subjects were randomly administered hyaluronic acid or isotonic saline solution by nasal nebulizer twice per day for 30 days. They were evaluated before (T0) and after the treatment (T1) with Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22, visual analogue scale for rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, facial pain and hyposmia/hypogeusia, nasal endoscopy, active anterior rhinomanometry, peak nasal inspiratory flow and nasal cytology. Results: Comparing the study and the control group, at T1 no significant differences were observed in both objective and subjective parameters. Being included in the study group rather than in the control group did not have a significant effect on the variation of the considered parameters between T0 and T1. Considering the effects of the micronized douches independently from the type of solution used (either hyaluronic acid or isotonic saline solution), although no difference emerged between study and control group for any of the objective parameters, there was an improvement of Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 scores (p = .0005), visual analogue scale for nasal obstruction (p = .0006) and for hyposmia/hypogeusia (p = .04). Conclusions: The treatment with micronized nasal douches can improve the sino-nasal symptoms of CRSsNP, in particular nasal obstruction and olfactory ability. No advantage of the use of hyaluronic acid over isotonic saline solution emerged.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3337078
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