Introduction: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), the most common of the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias, is a disease with a poor prognosis, and a highly heterogeneous and unpredictable clinical course. While most patients experience a relatively slow clinical, functional and radiological deterioration, a significant minority develops episodes of acute respiratory worsening termed acute exacerbations of IPF (AE-IPF). AE-IPF cannot be predicted or prevented and precede approximately half of IPF-related deaths. An international working group has recently proposed new diagnostic criteria and definition of AE-IPF. Areas covered: Despite their clinical significance, the optimal treatment of AE-IPF remains undetermined. In this review, we discuss the huge unmet need for an improved understanding of AE-IPF, with emphasis on current and potential therapeutic strategies. Expert opinion: The recently revised definition and diagnostic criteria of AE-IPF will facilitate future research into the etiology, pathobiology and clinical management of these life-threatening events. Efforts should be made to identify patients at higher risk for AE-IPF and detect early signs of these events. Potential treatment options should be studied in randomized, controlled trials. To this end, the importance of international collaborations cannot be overemphasized.

Acute exacerbations of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF): an overview of current and future therapeutic strategies

Biondini D.;Balestro E.;Cocconcelli E.;Bernardinello N.;Spagnolo P.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), the most common of the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias, is a disease with a poor prognosis, and a highly heterogeneous and unpredictable clinical course. While most patients experience a relatively slow clinical, functional and radiological deterioration, a significant minority develops episodes of acute respiratory worsening termed acute exacerbations of IPF (AE-IPF). AE-IPF cannot be predicted or prevented and precede approximately half of IPF-related deaths. An international working group has recently proposed new diagnostic criteria and definition of AE-IPF. Areas covered: Despite their clinical significance, the optimal treatment of AE-IPF remains undetermined. In this review, we discuss the huge unmet need for an improved understanding of AE-IPF, with emphasis on current and potential therapeutic strategies. Expert opinion: The recently revised definition and diagnostic criteria of AE-IPF will facilitate future research into the etiology, pathobiology and clinical management of these life-threatening events. Efforts should be made to identify patients at higher risk for AE-IPF and detect early signs of these events. Potential treatment options should be studied in randomized, controlled trials. To this end, the importance of international collaborations cannot be overemphasized.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3337417
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 22
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 21
social impact