Chronic obstructive respiratory disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have their roots in the womb. Together with a genetic predisposition, prenatal and early-life factors, including maternal smoking, prematurity, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), have a pivotal role in later respiratory health. Then, inappropriate responses to respiratory viruses (especially respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus) and early allergic sensitization are the strongest contributors to the inception of wheezing and early-onset asthma. There is an urgent need for early disease biomarkers to identify profiles at higher risk of chronic respiratory conditions. Applying the “-omic” technologies to urine, blood and breath condensate, and non-invasive inflammometry seem promising in this regard. The description of specific risk profiles may be the key to the use of targeted personalized therapies.

Early-life origin and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases

Moschino L.;Carraro S.;Baraldi E.
2020

Abstract

Chronic obstructive respiratory disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have their roots in the womb. Together with a genetic predisposition, prenatal and early-life factors, including maternal smoking, prematurity, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), have a pivotal role in later respiratory health. Then, inappropriate responses to respiratory viruses (especially respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus) and early allergic sensitization are the strongest contributors to the inception of wheezing and early-onset asthma. There is an urgent need for early disease biomarkers to identify profiles at higher risk of chronic respiratory conditions. Applying the “-omic” technologies to urine, blood and breath condensate, and non-invasive inflammometry seem promising in this regard. The description of specific risk profiles may be the key to the use of targeted personalized therapies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3338083
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