The thermally activated, incoherent hopping of small electron polarons generated by continuous illumination in iron-doped lithium niobate is simulated by a Marcus-Holstein model for which all the input parameters are known from literature. The results of the calculations are compared with a comprehensive set of data obtained from photorefractive, photogalvanic and photoconductive measurements under green light excitation on samples with different doping levels and stoichiome-tries in the temperature range between 150 K and room temperature. We show that the temperature and composition dependence of the photorefractive observables can be interpreted by a change in the abundance of the different hop types that a polaron performs before being captured by a deep Fe trap. Moreover, by a comparison between experimental and numerical data we obtain new insights on the initial photo-excitation part of the photorefractive process. In particular all results are consistent if a single value of the photogalvanic length LPG = (1.44 ± 0.05) Åis assumed for all the samples and all the temperatures. The photo-generation efficiency Φ under green light excitation (somewhere denoted as quantum efficiency) is also estimated. It appears to decrease from 10%–15% at room temperature to about 5% at 150 K. This behavior is qualitatively interpreted in terms of a temperature-dependent re-trapping probability of the light-emitted particles from the initial Fe donor center.

A polaron approach to photorefractivity in fe: Linbo3

Vittadello L.
Investigation
;
Bazzan M.
Conceptualization
;
Kokanyan E.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Guilbert L.
Conceptualization
;
2018

Abstract

The thermally activated, incoherent hopping of small electron polarons generated by continuous illumination in iron-doped lithium niobate is simulated by a Marcus-Holstein model for which all the input parameters are known from literature. The results of the calculations are compared with a comprehensive set of data obtained from photorefractive, photogalvanic and photoconductive measurements under green light excitation on samples with different doping levels and stoichiome-tries in the temperature range between 150 K and room temperature. We show that the temperature and composition dependence of the photorefractive observables can be interpreted by a change in the abundance of the different hop types that a polaron performs before being captured by a deep Fe trap. Moreover, by a comparison between experimental and numerical data we obtain new insights on the initial photo-excitation part of the photorefractive process. In particular all results are consistent if a single value of the photogalvanic length LPG = (1.44 ± 0.05) Åis assumed for all the samples and all the temperatures. The photo-generation efficiency Φ under green light excitation (somewhere denoted as quantum efficiency) is also estimated. It appears to decrease from 10%–15% at room temperature to about 5% at 150 K. This behavior is qualitatively interpreted in terms of a temperature-dependent re-trapping probability of the light-emitted particles from the initial Fe donor center.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3338129
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