Purpose: To investigate the pathophysiologic interrelations between retinal neural and vascular changes, detected by spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA), resulting from optic nerve axonal degeneration. Design: Institutional, observational, case-control study with prospective enrollment. Participants: Twenty-six patients affected by optic nerve axonal degeneration secondary to posterior optic pathway glioma (OPG) involving the chiasma, the postchiasmatic visual pathway, or both (but not involving optic nerves) and 24 gender- and age-matched healthy participants were included consecutively. Methods: Best-corrected visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study score) was measured and SD-OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) and OCTA (Nidek RS-3000 Advance device; Nidek, Gamagori, Japan) were performed. Main Outcome Measures: Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL), macular ganglion cell complex (GCC), and inner nuclear layer (INL) were analyzed using SD-OCT. The radial peripapillary capillary plexus, full-thickness peripapillary retina vascularization, and the macular superficial plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) were analyzed using OCTA. Results: Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer and GCC thickness were reduced in eyes affected by OPG (P < 0.0001). Radial peripapillary capillary plexus perfusion also was reduced, as well as full-thickness peripapillary retina vascularization (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Macular DCP perfusion was reduced in eyes affected by OPG, whereas macular SCP perfusion did not differ between the 2 groups (P < 0.05 and P > 0.05, respectively). Global pRNFL thickness reduction correlated with the reduction of peripapillary perfusion (P < 0.01). Macular GCC thickness reduction did not correlate with SCP reduction (P > 0.05). The reduction of macular DCP perfusion did not correlate with inner nuclear layer thickness (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Retinal neural remodeling secondary to optic nerve axonal degeneration resulting from OPG located at or posterior to the chiasm is accompanied by a secondary retinal vascular remodeling involving not only the peripapillary area, but also the macular area (DCP).

Retinal Vascular and Neural Remodeling Secondary to Optic Nerve Axonal Degeneration: A Study Using OCT Angiography

Parrozzani R.;Frizziero L.;Trevisson E.;Pilotto E.;Fusetti S.;Miglionico G.;Midena E.
2018

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the pathophysiologic interrelations between retinal neural and vascular changes, detected by spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA), resulting from optic nerve axonal degeneration. Design: Institutional, observational, case-control study with prospective enrollment. Participants: Twenty-six patients affected by optic nerve axonal degeneration secondary to posterior optic pathway glioma (OPG) involving the chiasma, the postchiasmatic visual pathway, or both (but not involving optic nerves) and 24 gender- and age-matched healthy participants were included consecutively. Methods: Best-corrected visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study score) was measured and SD-OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) and OCTA (Nidek RS-3000 Advance device; Nidek, Gamagori, Japan) were performed. Main Outcome Measures: Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL), macular ganglion cell complex (GCC), and inner nuclear layer (INL) were analyzed using SD-OCT. The radial peripapillary capillary plexus, full-thickness peripapillary retina vascularization, and the macular superficial plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) were analyzed using OCTA. Results: Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer and GCC thickness were reduced in eyes affected by OPG (P < 0.0001). Radial peripapillary capillary plexus perfusion also was reduced, as well as full-thickness peripapillary retina vascularization (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Macular DCP perfusion was reduced in eyes affected by OPG, whereas macular SCP perfusion did not differ between the 2 groups (P < 0.05 and P > 0.05, respectively). Global pRNFL thickness reduction correlated with the reduction of peripapillary perfusion (P < 0.01). Macular GCC thickness reduction did not correlate with SCP reduction (P > 0.05). The reduction of macular DCP perfusion did not correlate with inner nuclear layer thickness (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Retinal neural remodeling secondary to optic nerve axonal degeneration resulting from OPG located at or posterior to the chiasm is accompanied by a secondary retinal vascular remodeling involving not only the peripapillary area, but also the macular area (DCP).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3340366
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