Class-C operation is leveraged to implement a K-band CMOS voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) where the upconversion of 1/f current noise from the cross-coupled transistors in the oscillator core is robustly contained at a very low level. Implemented in a bulk 28-nm CMOS technology, the 12%-tuning-range VCO shows a phase noise as low as -112 dBc/Hz at 1-MHz offset (-86 dBc/Hz at 100 kHz offset) from a 19.5 GHz carrier while consuming 20.7 mW, achieving a figure of merit (FoM) of -185 dBc/Hz. The design is complemented by a theoretical investigation of 1/f noise upconversion caused by short-channel effects in the cross-coupled transistors, obtaining the first instance of a closed-form phase noise expression in the 1/f³ region.

A 19.5-GHz 28-nm Class-C CMOS VCO, With a Reasonably Rigorous Result on 1/f Noise Upconversion Caused by Short-Channel Effects

Franceschin, Alessandro;Bevilacqua, Andrea
2020

Abstract

Class-C operation is leveraged to implement a K-band CMOS voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) where the upconversion of 1/f current noise from the cross-coupled transistors in the oscillator core is robustly contained at a very low level. Implemented in a bulk 28-nm CMOS technology, the 12%-tuning-range VCO shows a phase noise as low as -112 dBc/Hz at 1-MHz offset (-86 dBc/Hz at 100 kHz offset) from a 19.5 GHz carrier while consuming 20.7 mW, achieving a figure of merit (FoM) of -185 dBc/Hz. The design is complemented by a theoretical investigation of 1/f noise upconversion caused by short-channel effects in the cross-coupled transistors, obtaining the first instance of a closed-form phase noise expression in the 1/f³ region.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3341451
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