In injection molding, high pressure is required to fill the mold, due to the high viscosity of thermoplastic polymers, the reduced thickness of the cavity and the low mold temperature. In this work, we investigate the functionalization of mold cavities for Injection Molding by means of Laser-Induced Periodic Surface Structures (LIPSS) generated on the ground surface of AISI 420 stainless steel through a picosecond laser. The LIPSS formation is examined with reference to the process parameters, highlighting how they affect the generated pattern. The improvements of the functionalized mold surface on the Injection Molding process are experimentally characterized and discussed. In particular, the slipping of molten PET was investigated as a function of nano-structuring orientation and injection velocity. The results demonstrate that LIPSS parallel to flow induce strong wall slip of the polymer melt, allowing a maximum reduction of the injection pressure of 10%.

Generation and Characterization of Laser Induced Periodic Surface Structures on Plastic Injection Molds

Sorgato M.;Piccolo L.;Lucchetta G.
2020

Abstract

In injection molding, high pressure is required to fill the mold, due to the high viscosity of thermoplastic polymers, the reduced thickness of the cavity and the low mold temperature. In this work, we investigate the functionalization of mold cavities for Injection Molding by means of Laser-Induced Periodic Surface Structures (LIPSS) generated on the ground surface of AISI 420 stainless steel through a picosecond laser. The LIPSS formation is examined with reference to the process parameters, highlighting how they affect the generated pattern. The improvements of the functionalized mold surface on the Injection Molding process are experimentally characterized and discussed. In particular, the slipping of molten PET was investigated as a function of nano-structuring orientation and injection velocity. The results demonstrate that LIPSS parallel to flow induce strong wall slip of the polymer melt, allowing a maximum reduction of the injection pressure of 10%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3342159
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