Objectives: To evaluate and compare the oncological and functional outcomes of total laryngectomies (TL) performed as first line treatment or for salvage after failure of conservative approaches for treating advanced laryngeal carcinoma (LSCC). Study design: A retrospective cohort study. Methods: A cohort of 217 patients who underwent TL was divided according to whether the procedure was for primary treatment of their LSCC (101 patients) or for recurrences after conservative surgery or chemo-radiotherapy (116 patients). Results: The overall survival rate and disease-specific survival rate were significantly higher in the primary TL group than in the salvage TL group (P = .04 and P = .01, respectively). The recurrence rate was significantly higher and the disease-free survival (in months) was shorter for patients who had salvage TL than for those who had primary TL (P = .00 and P = .01, respectively). The salvage TL group also included significantly more cases of postoperative pharyngo-cutaneous fistula needing salivary stent positioning, and experienced significantly longer hospital stays than the primary TL group (P = .04 and P = .03, respectively). Conclusion: Oncological and functional outcomes of primary TL were significantly better than after salvage TL. If salvage TL was performed after conservative surgery had failed, the oncological and functional results were better than after the failure of organ-preserving protocols. This could justify a first attempt at conservative surgery for intermediate-advanced LSCC in selected cases, reserving chemo-radiotherapy only for patients unsuitable for surgery.

Oncological and functional outcomes of primary and salvage total laryngectomy

Zanotti C;Franz L;Marioni G.
2021

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate and compare the oncological and functional outcomes of total laryngectomies (TL) performed as first line treatment or for salvage after failure of conservative approaches for treating advanced laryngeal carcinoma (LSCC). Study design: A retrospective cohort study. Methods: A cohort of 217 patients who underwent TL was divided according to whether the procedure was for primary treatment of their LSCC (101 patients) or for recurrences after conservative surgery or chemo-radiotherapy (116 patients). Results: The overall survival rate and disease-specific survival rate were significantly higher in the primary TL group than in the salvage TL group (P = .04 and P = .01, respectively). The recurrence rate was significantly higher and the disease-free survival (in months) was shorter for patients who had salvage TL than for those who had primary TL (P = .00 and P = .01, respectively). The salvage TL group also included significantly more cases of postoperative pharyngo-cutaneous fistula needing salivary stent positioning, and experienced significantly longer hospital stays than the primary TL group (P = .04 and P = .03, respectively). Conclusion: Oncological and functional outcomes of primary TL were significantly better than after salvage TL. If salvage TL was performed after conservative surgery had failed, the oncological and functional results were better than after the failure of organ-preserving protocols. This could justify a first attempt at conservative surgery for intermediate-advanced LSCC in selected cases, reserving chemo-radiotherapy only for patients unsuitable for surgery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3342884
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