This article reports a new technique to restore iliac bone integrity with a customized titanium device designed by CAD/CAM, in patients undergoing deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) composite flap harvest. Eight consecutive patients who underwent the repair of major head and neck defects with DCIA flaps were enrolled retrospectively. Computed tomography scans of the pelvis were obtained preoperatively. Starting from DICOM data, each personalized device was designed using modelling software and was finally made by additive manufacturing using a laser sintering machine. After surgery, the patients were followed up at 3-month intervals to evaluate the incidence of complications and the long-term outcome at the donor site. A subcutaneous seroma developed in one patient and an inguinal skin burn occurred in another. At a median follow-up of 12 months, the patients did not report pain, or any gait or sensory disturbance at the donor site. There was no occurrence of bulging, herniation, or instability or inflammation near the device for the entire follow-up duration. All patients were satisfied with the aesthetic result. In conclusion, reconstruction of the iliac bone with a customized device is safe and well tolerated. We recommend use of this device in patients deemed at high risk of herniation. Further studies are needed to confirm the stability of the device in the long term.

Three-dimensional CAD/CAM reconstruction of the iliac bone following DCIA composite flap harvest

Bettini, G.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Saia, G.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Bedogni, G.
Formal Analysis
;
Bedogni, A.
Writing – Review & Editing
2020

Abstract

This article reports a new technique to restore iliac bone integrity with a customized titanium device designed by CAD/CAM, in patients undergoing deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) composite flap harvest. Eight consecutive patients who underwent the repair of major head and neck defects with DCIA flaps were enrolled retrospectively. Computed tomography scans of the pelvis were obtained preoperatively. Starting from DICOM data, each personalized device was designed using modelling software and was finally made by additive manufacturing using a laser sintering machine. After surgery, the patients were followed up at 3-month intervals to evaluate the incidence of complications and the long-term outcome at the donor site. A subcutaneous seroma developed in one patient and an inguinal skin burn occurred in another. At a median follow-up of 12 months, the patients did not report pain, or any gait or sensory disturbance at the donor site. There was no occurrence of bulging, herniation, or instability or inflammation near the device for the entire follow-up duration. All patients were satisfied with the aesthetic result. In conclusion, reconstruction of the iliac bone with a customized device is safe and well tolerated. We recommend use of this device in patients deemed at high risk of herniation. Further studies are needed to confirm the stability of the device in the long term.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3343627
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