Fabry disease is an X-linked disorder due to mutations in α-galactosidase A, resulting in the accumulation of enzyme substrates and cell malfunction. Kidney involvement is frequent, affecting all native kidney cell types. Podocyte damage results in proteinuria and chronic kidney disease. End-stage kidney disease is the rule in middle-aged males and some females with the classic phenotype. In podocytes and kidney proximal tubular cells, megalin is one of the molecules involved in enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) cellular absorption. After podocyte damage, podocin concentration is decreased and contributes to progressive proteinuria. We report in a male and a female patient the decreased expression of megalin, cubilin, ClC-5 and podocin compared to controls and chronic kidney disease (CKD) biopsies. Moreover, the decrease in ClC-5, a molecule engaged in endosomal-lysosomal acidification, could also affect ERT. These findings may partially explain some of the dysfunctions described in Fabry nephropathy and could highlight possible alterations in the pharmacokinetics of the delivered enzyme.

Downregulation of megalin, cubilin, ClC-5 and podocin in Fabry nephropathy: potential implications in the decreased effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy

Ceol, Monica;Gianesello, Lisa;Priante, Giovanna;Del Prete, Dorella
2021

Abstract

Fabry disease is an X-linked disorder due to mutations in α-galactosidase A, resulting in the accumulation of enzyme substrates and cell malfunction. Kidney involvement is frequent, affecting all native kidney cell types. Podocyte damage results in proteinuria and chronic kidney disease. End-stage kidney disease is the rule in middle-aged males and some females with the classic phenotype. In podocytes and kidney proximal tubular cells, megalin is one of the molecules involved in enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) cellular absorption. After podocyte damage, podocin concentration is decreased and contributes to progressive proteinuria. We report in a male and a female patient the decreased expression of megalin, cubilin, ClC-5 and podocin compared to controls and chronic kidney disease (CKD) biopsies. Moreover, the decrease in ClC-5, a molecule engaged in endosomal-lysosomal acidification, could also affect ERT. These findings may partially explain some of the dysfunctions described in Fabry nephropathy and could highlight possible alterations in the pharmacokinetics of the delivered enzyme.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3347402
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