Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) occur in aquatic ecosystems at concentrations of hundreds of micrograms per liter. As formulation adjuvants are suspected to be endocrine-disrupting chemicals, we assessed the effects of the recent GBH formulation Roundup® Power 2.0 on vitellogenin (VTG) in Mytilus galloprovincialis. Mussels were exposed for 7, 14, and 21 days to two concentrations of the commercial formulation, corresponding to 100 and 1000 μg/L of glyphosate. The expression of the vtg gene in gonads of females and males, as well as the levels of alkali labile phosphates (ALP) in gonads and non-gonadal tissues from the two sexes were measured. No significant alterations were observed in vtg expression values during the exposure. Conversely, a significant reduction in gonadal ALP levels was observed in females exposed for 21 days and in males exposed for 7 days. In addition, ALP levels increased significantly in gonads from males exposed for 21 days to the two concentrations of Roundup®. As for non-gonadal tissues, ALP levels did not change significantly in females, whereas ALP levels decreased significantly in non-gonadal tissues from males exposed for 21 days to the lowest concentration tested. An overall statistically significant difference in ALP levels was found between females and males. Although preliminary, our study suggests that GBH can affect reproduction-related parameters in mussels.

Molecular and biochemical responses of vitellogenin in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis exposed to the glyphosate-based herbicide Roundup® Power 2.0

Fabrello J.
Methodology
;
Grapputo A.
Conceptualization
;
Munari M.
Data Curation
;
Marin M. G.
Methodology
;
Masiero L.
Methodology
;
Pacchioni B.
Methodology
;
Millino C.
Methodology
;
Matozzo V.
Project Administration
2020

Abstract

Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) occur in aquatic ecosystems at concentrations of hundreds of micrograms per liter. As formulation adjuvants are suspected to be endocrine-disrupting chemicals, we assessed the effects of the recent GBH formulation Roundup® Power 2.0 on vitellogenin (VTG) in Mytilus galloprovincialis. Mussels were exposed for 7, 14, and 21 days to two concentrations of the commercial formulation, corresponding to 100 and 1000 μg/L of glyphosate. The expression of the vtg gene in gonads of females and males, as well as the levels of alkali labile phosphates (ALP) in gonads and non-gonadal tissues from the two sexes were measured. No significant alterations were observed in vtg expression values during the exposure. Conversely, a significant reduction in gonadal ALP levels was observed in females exposed for 21 days and in males exposed for 7 days. In addition, ALP levels increased significantly in gonads from males exposed for 21 days to the two concentrations of Roundup®. As for non-gonadal tissues, ALP levels did not change significantly in females, whereas ALP levels decreased significantly in non-gonadal tissues from males exposed for 21 days to the lowest concentration tested. An overall statistically significant difference in ALP levels was found between females and males. Although preliminary, our study suggests that GBH can affect reproduction-related parameters in mussels.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3348970
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