Emerging international transportation system (ITS) and sensing technologies allow collecting of large amounts of high-quality traffic data in highways, which can be used for road safety analysis. With this kind of data, it is possible to apply extreme value theory (EVT), which is gaining interest in the field of road safety, thanks to its ability to produce quick and reliable safety evaluations. EVT can estimate the probability of extreme events (i.e. road crashes) from relatively short observation periods, using surrogate measures of safety in place of crash data. In this work, EVT is applied for a large-scale case study in two motorways, located in north-eastern Italy. Vehicle-by-vehicle information was collected using microwave radars in 19 motorways cross-sections for one year, and time-to-collision was calculated for each pair of consecutive vehicles. A six-year crash database of the toll road was used to validate model results. For each cross-section, two traditional approaches, blockmaxima and peak-over-threshold, were applied to estimate EVT parameters. Both approaches produced reliable predictions of annual rear-end collisions; in particular, in about 90% of the cross-sections, the observed number of crashes fell within the 95% confidence interval of the predicted number of crashes.

Large-scale road safety evaluation using extreme value theory

Orsini, Federico
;
Gecchele, Gregorio;Gastaldi, Massimiliano;Rossi, Riccardo
2020

Abstract

Emerging international transportation system (ITS) and sensing technologies allow collecting of large amounts of high-quality traffic data in highways, which can be used for road safety analysis. With this kind of data, it is possible to apply extreme value theory (EVT), which is gaining interest in the field of road safety, thanks to its ability to produce quick and reliable safety evaluations. EVT can estimate the probability of extreme events (i.e. road crashes) from relatively short observation periods, using surrogate measures of safety in place of crash data. In this work, EVT is applied for a large-scale case study in two motorways, located in north-eastern Italy. Vehicle-by-vehicle information was collected using microwave radars in 19 motorways cross-sections for one year, and time-to-collision was calculated for each pair of consecutive vehicles. A six-year crash database of the toll road was used to validate model results. For each cross-section, two traditional approaches, blockmaxima and peak-over-threshold, were applied to estimate EVT parameters. Both approaches produced reliable predictions of annual rear-end collisions; in particular, in about 90% of the cross-sections, the observed number of crashes fell within the 95% confidence interval of the predicted number of crashes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3349902
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