The recovery of melt inclusions (MI) in peritectic phases of metamorphic rocks demonstrates their anatectic origin even in the absence of other textural or field evidences, and gives the opportunity to retrieve the chemical composition of primary melts and infermelt entrapment conditions. Herewe report the first recovery of such inclusions in a medium-grade schist from the Edixon Metamorphic Complex (EMC) of the Lanterman Range in northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. This is the first study of melt inclusions from an Al2SiO5-free, graywacketype protolith. Inclusions are hosted in garnet. They are both polycrystalline nanogranitoids, i.e., crystallized former MI, and fluid inclusions (FI) coexisting in the same clusters and displaying frequent negative crystal shape and textures indicative of a primary origin. TheMI contain albite, K-feldspar, quartz,muscovite, biotite± calcite ±siderite±H2O,while the FI are composed by CO2+H2O+N2+CH4±H2S and contain step-daughter calcite. The schist hosting the garnets with melt inclusions contains muscovite, biotite, garnet, plagioclase, K-feldspar, and quartz. Extensive resorption of garnet and replacement by biotite, alongwith composition ofmicas that suggest medium-temperature, subsolidus conditions, indicate that after anatexis the schist was thoroughly recrystallized under retrograde conditions. The MI were remelted in a piston cylinder apparatus at conditions of 740–900 °C at 0.8–1.0 GPa with complete remelting taking place at 760–780 °C. The remelted glass is subalkaline, peraluminous (ASI ≈ 1.3–1.5) with CaO ≈ 1.2–2.1 wt% and K2O ≈ 3.4–4.1 wt% and contains ≈ 4.3–5.3wt% of H2O and 400–1150 ppmof CO2. The P-T conditions ofmelt entrapmentwere retrieved combining results of experimental remelting with calculated phase equilibria in theMnCNKFMASHTmodel system, and are between 740 and 780 °C and 0.7 to 0.9 GPa. The newand different P-T conditions for a high grade rock of the EMC with respect to other published data, confirm that this metamorphic complex is not homogeneous, and that anatexis may have taken place at different crustal levels during the evolution of the Cambro-Ordovician Ross Orogen.

Melt inclusions at MT. Edixon (Antarctica): Chemistry, petrology and implications for the evolution of the Lanterman range

Ferri, Fabio;Cesare, Bernardo
;
Bartoli, Omar;Ferrero, Silvio;
2020

Abstract

The recovery of melt inclusions (MI) in peritectic phases of metamorphic rocks demonstrates their anatectic origin even in the absence of other textural or field evidences, and gives the opportunity to retrieve the chemical composition of primary melts and infermelt entrapment conditions. Herewe report the first recovery of such inclusions in a medium-grade schist from the Edixon Metamorphic Complex (EMC) of the Lanterman Range in northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. This is the first study of melt inclusions from an Al2SiO5-free, graywacketype protolith. Inclusions are hosted in garnet. They are both polycrystalline nanogranitoids, i.e., crystallized former MI, and fluid inclusions (FI) coexisting in the same clusters and displaying frequent negative crystal shape and textures indicative of a primary origin. TheMI contain albite, K-feldspar, quartz,muscovite, biotite± calcite ±siderite±H2O,while the FI are composed by CO2+H2O+N2+CH4±H2S and contain step-daughter calcite. The schist hosting the garnets with melt inclusions contains muscovite, biotite, garnet, plagioclase, K-feldspar, and quartz. Extensive resorption of garnet and replacement by biotite, alongwith composition ofmicas that suggest medium-temperature, subsolidus conditions, indicate that after anatexis the schist was thoroughly recrystallized under retrograde conditions. The MI were remelted in a piston cylinder apparatus at conditions of 740–900 °C at 0.8–1.0 GPa with complete remelting taking place at 760–780 °C. The remelted glass is subalkaline, peraluminous (ASI ≈ 1.3–1.5) with CaO ≈ 1.2–2.1 wt% and K2O ≈ 3.4–4.1 wt% and contains ≈ 4.3–5.3wt% of H2O and 400–1150 ppmof CO2. The P-T conditions ofmelt entrapmentwere retrieved combining results of experimental remelting with calculated phase equilibria in theMnCNKFMASHTmodel system, and are between 740 and 780 °C and 0.7 to 0.9 GPa. The newand different P-T conditions for a high grade rock of the EMC with respect to other published data, confirm that this metamorphic complex is not homogeneous, and that anatexis may have taken place at different crustal levels during the evolution of the Cambro-Ordovician Ross Orogen.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3351825
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