The cellular structure, in alkali activated metakaolin-based suspensions, foamed by intensive mechanical stirring, is stabilised by the viscosity increase caused by gelation, in a condition of ‘inorganic gel casting’. The approach is so flexibile that it may be applied to mixtures embedding fillers, such as reactive γ-Al2O3 powders, playing a fundamental role upon ceramic conversion. The present study is dedicated to highly porous cordierite foams, obtained including talc as further component, and applying a heat treatment at 1200−1250 °C, in air. A key intermediate step is represented by the removal of Na+ ions from ‘green’ foams, by ion exchange in ammonium nitrate solution (24 h), before ceramization. Direct ceramization is also feasible, if the gelation is achieved by reaction with tetra-methyl-ammonium hydroxide, instead of NaOH. The new gels are effective in yielding phase-pure cordierite, otherwise feasible, with NaOH activation, by means of much longer ion exchange treatment (120 h).

Highly porous cordierite ceramics from engineered basic activation of metakaolin/talc aqueous suspensions

Romero, Acacio Rincón;Elsayed, Hamada;Bernardo, Enrico
2020

Abstract

The cellular structure, in alkali activated metakaolin-based suspensions, foamed by intensive mechanical stirring, is stabilised by the viscosity increase caused by gelation, in a condition of ‘inorganic gel casting’. The approach is so flexibile that it may be applied to mixtures embedding fillers, such as reactive γ-Al2O3 powders, playing a fundamental role upon ceramic conversion. The present study is dedicated to highly porous cordierite foams, obtained including talc as further component, and applying a heat treatment at 1200−1250 °C, in air. A key intermediate step is represented by the removal of Na+ ions from ‘green’ foams, by ion exchange in ammonium nitrate solution (24 h), before ceramization. Direct ceramization is also feasible, if the gelation is achieved by reaction with tetra-methyl-ammonium hydroxide, instead of NaOH. The new gels are effective in yielding phase-pure cordierite, otherwise feasible, with NaOH activation, by means of much longer ion exchange treatment (120 h).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3351910
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