The problem of a solute described by Quantum Chemistry within a solvent represented as a polarizable continuum model (PCM) is here reformulated in terms of the open quantum systems (OQS) theory. Using its stochastic Schrödinger equation formulation, we are able to provide a more comprehensive picture of the electronic energies and the coupling between solute and solvent electronic dynamics. In particular, the OQS-PCM proves to be a unifying theoretical framework naturally including polarization and dispersion interactions, the effect of solvent fluctuations, and the non-Markovian solvent response. As such, the OQS-PCM describes the interplay between the solute and the solvent typical electronic dynamical times and yields both the standard PCM and the so-called Born-Oppenheimer solvation regime, where the solvent electronic response is considered faster than any electronic dynamics taking place in the solute. In analyzing the OQS-PCM, we obtained an expression for the solute-solvent dispersion (van der Waals) interactions, which is very transparent in terms of a physical interpretation based on fluctuations and response functions. Finally, we present various numerical tests that support the theoretical findings.

An open quantum system theory for polarizable continuum models

Guido C. A.;Rosa M.;Corni S.
2020

Abstract

The problem of a solute described by Quantum Chemistry within a solvent represented as a polarizable continuum model (PCM) is here reformulated in terms of the open quantum systems (OQS) theory. Using its stochastic Schrödinger equation formulation, we are able to provide a more comprehensive picture of the electronic energies and the coupling between solute and solvent electronic dynamics. In particular, the OQS-PCM proves to be a unifying theoretical framework naturally including polarization and dispersion interactions, the effect of solvent fluctuations, and the non-Markovian solvent response. As such, the OQS-PCM describes the interplay between the solute and the solvent typical electronic dynamical times and yields both the standard PCM and the so-called Born-Oppenheimer solvation regime, where the solvent electronic response is considered faster than any electronic dynamics taking place in the solute. In analyzing the OQS-PCM, we obtained an expression for the solute-solvent dispersion (van der Waals) interactions, which is very transparent in terms of a physical interpretation based on fluctuations and response functions. Finally, we present various numerical tests that support the theoretical findings.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3352214
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