Objective: This study sought to investigate how glycemia and ketonemia variations during two ketogenic diet protocols affect appetite, executive functions, and mood in young women with overweight. Methods: Fifty healthy young females with overweight were randomly assigned to (1) a ketogenic diet without any restriction on energy intake, (2) a commercial energy-restricted ketogenic Mediterranean diet, and (3) an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet for 10 days. A visual analogue scale was used to test appetite, and one mood test and two cognitive tasks (working memory and inhibition control) were performed. Moreover, body composition, fasting blood glucose, and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) were measured. Results: A positive correlation was found between glycemia and appetite (P = 0.019), unfullness score (P = 0.001), and desire to eat (P = 0.030) (pre- and postdiet levels). Postdiet BHB levels showed a positive correlation with fullness score (P = 0.002) and a negative correlation with appetite (P = 0.022) and desire to eat (P = 0.009). A positive correlation was found between prediet levels of glycemia and reaction times in the go-trials of the executive function test (P = 0.018). Postdiet BHB level showed a negative correlation with the accuracy of the no-go trials (P = 0.027). Conclusions: Ketogenic diets, compared with a Mediterranean diet, have a greater effect in terms of appetite reduction but might affect inhibition functions.

Ketonemia and Glycemia Affect Appetite Levels and Executive Functions in Overweight Females During Two Ketogenic Diets

Bisiacchi P. S.
Conceptualization
;
Paoli A.
Conceptualization
2020

Abstract

Objective: This study sought to investigate how glycemia and ketonemia variations during two ketogenic diet protocols affect appetite, executive functions, and mood in young women with overweight. Methods: Fifty healthy young females with overweight were randomly assigned to (1) a ketogenic diet without any restriction on energy intake, (2) a commercial energy-restricted ketogenic Mediterranean diet, and (3) an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet for 10 days. A visual analogue scale was used to test appetite, and one mood test and two cognitive tasks (working memory and inhibition control) were performed. Moreover, body composition, fasting blood glucose, and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) were measured. Results: A positive correlation was found between glycemia and appetite (P = 0.019), unfullness score (P = 0.001), and desire to eat (P = 0.030) (pre- and postdiet levels). Postdiet BHB levels showed a positive correlation with fullness score (P = 0.002) and a negative correlation with appetite (P = 0.022) and desire to eat (P = 0.009). A positive correlation was found between prediet levels of glycemia and reaction times in the go-trials of the executive function test (P = 0.018). Postdiet BHB level showed a negative correlation with the accuracy of the no-go trials (P = 0.027). Conclusions: Ketogenic diets, compared with a Mediterranean diet, have a greater effect in terms of appetite reduction but might affect inhibition functions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3352312
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