Background: Acromegaly is disease associated with a specific cardiomyopathy. Hitherto, it has been widely understood that acromegaly carries an increased risk of arrhythmia. Purpose: In this review we show that evidences are limited to a small number of case–control studies that reported increased rates of premature ventricular beats (PVB) but no more significant arrhythmia. In contrast, there are several studies that have reported impaired preclinical markers of arrhythmia, including reduced heart rate variability, increased late potentials, QT interval dispersion, impaired heart rate recovery after physical exercise and left ventricular dysynchrony. Whilst these markers are associated with an adverse cardiovascular prognosis in the general population, they do not have a high independent positive predictive accuracy for arrhythmia. In acromegaly, case reports have described sudden cardiac death, ventricular tachyarrhythmia and advanced atrio-ventricular block that required implantation of a cardio-defibrillator or permanent pacemaker. Treatment with somatostatin analogues can reduce cardiac dysrhythmia in some cases by reducing heart rate, PVBs and QT interval. Pegvisomant reduces mean heart rate. Pasireotide is associated with QT prolongation. In the absence of good quality data on risk of arrhythmia in acromegaly, the majority of position statements and guidelines suggest routine 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in every patient at diagnosis and then follow up dependent on initial findings.

Electrophysiological features in acromegaly: re-thinking the arrhythmic risk?

Parolin M.
;
Dassie F.;Vettor R.;Maffei P.
2020

Abstract

Background: Acromegaly is disease associated with a specific cardiomyopathy. Hitherto, it has been widely understood that acromegaly carries an increased risk of arrhythmia. Purpose: In this review we show that evidences are limited to a small number of case–control studies that reported increased rates of premature ventricular beats (PVB) but no more significant arrhythmia. In contrast, there are several studies that have reported impaired preclinical markers of arrhythmia, including reduced heart rate variability, increased late potentials, QT interval dispersion, impaired heart rate recovery after physical exercise and left ventricular dysynchrony. Whilst these markers are associated with an adverse cardiovascular prognosis in the general population, they do not have a high independent positive predictive accuracy for arrhythmia. In acromegaly, case reports have described sudden cardiac death, ventricular tachyarrhythmia and advanced atrio-ventricular block that required implantation of a cardio-defibrillator or permanent pacemaker. Treatment with somatostatin analogues can reduce cardiac dysrhythmia in some cases by reducing heart rate, PVBs and QT interval. Pegvisomant reduces mean heart rate. Pasireotide is associated with QT prolongation. In the absence of good quality data on risk of arrhythmia in acromegaly, the majority of position statements and guidelines suggest routine 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in every patient at diagnosis and then follow up dependent on initial findings.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3353033
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