Mushroom bodies are a higher order center for sensory integration, learning and memory of the insect brain. Memory is generally subdivided into different phases. In the model organism Drosophila melanogaster, mushroom bodies have been shown to play a central role in both short- and long-term memory. In D. melanogaster, the gene 2mit codes a transmembrane protein carrying an extracellular Leucin-rich-repeat domain, which is highly transcribed in the mushroom and ellipsoid bodies of the adult fly brain and has a role in the early phase of memory. Utilizing coimmunoprecipitation experiments and mass spectrometry analyses, we have shown that 2MIT interacts with Arginine kinase in adult fly heads. Arginine kinase belongs to the family of Phosphagen kinases and plays a fundamental role in energy homeostasis. Using the GAL4/UAS binary system, we demonstrated that a downregulation of Arginine kinase mainly driven in the mushroom bodies affects short-term memory of Drosophila adult flies, in a courtship conditioning paradigm. As 2mit c03963 hypomorphic mutants showed comparable results when analyzed with the same assay, these data suggest that 2MIT and Arginine kinase are both involved in the same memory phenotype, likely interacting at the level of mushroom bodies. 2MIT and Arginine kinase are conserved among insects, the implications of which, along with their potential roles in other insect taxa are also discussed.

Arginine kinase interacts with 2MIT and is involved in Drosophila melanogaster short-term memory

Bozzato A.;Romoli O.;Mazzotta G. M.;Sandrelli F.
2020

Abstract

Mushroom bodies are a higher order center for sensory integration, learning and memory of the insect brain. Memory is generally subdivided into different phases. In the model organism Drosophila melanogaster, mushroom bodies have been shown to play a central role in both short- and long-term memory. In D. melanogaster, the gene 2mit codes a transmembrane protein carrying an extracellular Leucin-rich-repeat domain, which is highly transcribed in the mushroom and ellipsoid bodies of the adult fly brain and has a role in the early phase of memory. Utilizing coimmunoprecipitation experiments and mass spectrometry analyses, we have shown that 2MIT interacts with Arginine kinase in adult fly heads. Arginine kinase belongs to the family of Phosphagen kinases and plays a fundamental role in energy homeostasis. Using the GAL4/UAS binary system, we demonstrated that a downregulation of Arginine kinase mainly driven in the mushroom bodies affects short-term memory of Drosophila adult flies, in a courtship conditioning paradigm. As 2mit c03963 hypomorphic mutants showed comparable results when analyzed with the same assay, these data suggest that 2MIT and Arginine kinase are both involved in the same memory phenotype, likely interacting at the level of mushroom bodies. 2MIT and Arginine kinase are conserved among insects, the implications of which, along with their potential roles in other insect taxa are also discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3355222
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