Background: “breathomics” enables indirect analysis of metabolic patterns underlying a respiratory disease. In this study, we analyze exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in asthmatic children before (T0) and after (T1) a three-week course of inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP). Methods: we recruited steroid-naive asthmatic children for whom inhaled steroids were indicated and healthy children, evaluating asthma control, spirometry and EBC (in asthmatics at T0 and T1). A liquid-chromatography–mass-spectrometry untargeted analysis was applied to EBC and a mass spectrometry-based target analysis to urine samples. Results: metabolomic analysis discriminated asthmatic (n = 26) from healthy children (n = 16) at T0 and T1, discovering 108 and 65 features relevant for the discrimination, respectively. Searching metabolomics databases, seven putative biomarkers with a plausible role in asthma biochemical–metabolic processes were found. After BDP treatment, asthmatic children, in the face of an improved asthma control (p < 0.001) and lung function (p = 0.01), showed neither changes in EBC metabolomic profile nor in urinary endogenous steroid profile. Conclusions: “breathomics” can discriminate asthmatic from healthy children, with prostaglandin, fatty acid and glycerophospholipid as putative markers. The three-week course of BDP—in spite of a significant clinical improvement—was not associated with changes in EBC metabolic arrangement and urinary steroid profile.

Breathomics in asthmatic children treated with inhaled corticosteroids

Ferraro V. A.;Carraro S.;Pirillo P.;Gucciardi A.;Poloniato G.;Stocchero M.;Giordano G.;Zanconato S.;Baraldi E.
2020

Abstract

Background: “breathomics” enables indirect analysis of metabolic patterns underlying a respiratory disease. In this study, we analyze exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in asthmatic children before (T0) and after (T1) a three-week course of inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP). Methods: we recruited steroid-naive asthmatic children for whom inhaled steroids were indicated and healthy children, evaluating asthma control, spirometry and EBC (in asthmatics at T0 and T1). A liquid-chromatography–mass-spectrometry untargeted analysis was applied to EBC and a mass spectrometry-based target analysis to urine samples. Results: metabolomic analysis discriminated asthmatic (n = 26) from healthy children (n = 16) at T0 and T1, discovering 108 and 65 features relevant for the discrimination, respectively. Searching metabolomics databases, seven putative biomarkers with a plausible role in asthma biochemical–metabolic processes were found. After BDP treatment, asthmatic children, in the face of an improved asthma control (p < 0.001) and lung function (p = 0.01), showed neither changes in EBC metabolomic profile nor in urinary endogenous steroid profile. Conclusions: “breathomics” can discriminate asthmatic from healthy children, with prostaglandin, fatty acid and glycerophospholipid as putative markers. The three-week course of BDP—in spite of a significant clinical improvement—was not associated with changes in EBC metabolic arrangement and urinary steroid profile.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3355382
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