Background: Endocrine neoplasms are generally slow-growing tumors that can show hormonal activity and give metastases. In most cases they are benign and clearly malignant forms are easy to diagnose. However, borderline forms may occur and be, for the pathologists, very difficult to classify. In these cases, there is a strong need to identify factors that may aid. Official classification systems for endocrine neoplasms are based on the evaluation of proliferation and, in most cases, they rely on mitotic count. In support, the study of Ki67 is carried out which, however, has not yet been included in any official classification system, except for neuroendocrine neoplasms of the gastro-entero-pancreatic tract. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the proven or unproven role of Ki67 in endocrine neoplasms, in different districts, in order to bring to light the substantial differences, in terms of proliferation, existing between neoplasms so similar, but at the same time, so different. Methods: A thorough search of English language literature was performed, looking for articles concerning Ki67 in five endocrine neoplasms (pituitary adenomas, thyroid neoplasms, adrenocortical neoplasms, pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas). Results: From 2170, 236 articles were selected and it was seen that the endocrine neoplasm in which Ki67 was most studied was the pituitary, where it still shows a controversial role. In other neoplasms different roles were identified. Conclusion: The pathologist should be aware of the contribution that this proliferative marker can give to the diagnosis and, sometimes, to the therapy selection, for the clinician.

Ki67 in endocrine neoplasms: to count or not to count, this is the question! A systematic review from the English language literature

D'Avella E.;Colao A.;
2020

Abstract

Background: Endocrine neoplasms are generally slow-growing tumors that can show hormonal activity and give metastases. In most cases they are benign and clearly malignant forms are easy to diagnose. However, borderline forms may occur and be, for the pathologists, very difficult to classify. In these cases, there is a strong need to identify factors that may aid. Official classification systems for endocrine neoplasms are based on the evaluation of proliferation and, in most cases, they rely on mitotic count. In support, the study of Ki67 is carried out which, however, has not yet been included in any official classification system, except for neuroendocrine neoplasms of the gastro-entero-pancreatic tract. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the proven or unproven role of Ki67 in endocrine neoplasms, in different districts, in order to bring to light the substantial differences, in terms of proliferation, existing between neoplasms so similar, but at the same time, so different. Methods: A thorough search of English language literature was performed, looking for articles concerning Ki67 in five endocrine neoplasms (pituitary adenomas, thyroid neoplasms, adrenocortical neoplasms, pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas). Results: From 2170, 236 articles were selected and it was seen that the endocrine neoplasm in which Ki67 was most studied was the pituitary, where it still shows a controversial role. In other neoplasms different roles were identified. Conclusion: The pathologist should be aware of the contribution that this proliferative marker can give to the diagnosis and, sometimes, to the therapy selection, for the clinician.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3355989
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