The biorecognition-based control of attachment/detachment of MCF-7 cancer cells from polymer-coated surfaces is demonstrated. A glass surface is coated with a thermoresponsive statistical copolymer of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylamide) [p(NIPAm-co-Am)], which is end-capped with the Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (GRGDS) peptide, and the hydrophilic polymer poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Below the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of p(NIPAm-co-Am) (38 °C), the copolymers are in the extended conformation, allowing for accessibility of the GRGDS peptides to membrane-associated integrins thus enabling cell attachment. Above the LCST, the p(NIPAm-co-Am) polymers collapse into globular conformations, resulting in the shielding of the GRGDS peptides into the PEG brush with consequent inaccessibility to cell-surface integrins, causing cell detachment. The surface coating is carried out by a multi-step procedure that included: glass surface amination with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane; reaction of mPEG5kDa-N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) and p(NIPam-co-Am)15.1kDa-bis-NHS with the surface aminopropyl groups and conjugation of GRGDS to the carboxylic acid termini of p(NIPam-co-Am)15.1kDa-COOH. A range of spectrophotometric, surface, and microscopy assays confirmed the identity of the polymer-coated substrates. Competition studies prove that MCF-7 cancer cells are attached via peptide recognition at the coated surfaces according to the mPEG5kDa/p(NIPam-co-Am)15.1kDa-GRGDS molar ratio. These data suggest the system can be exploited to modulate cell integrin/GRGDS binding for controlled cell capture and release.

Thermosensitive "Smart" Surfaces for Biorecognition Based Cell Adhesion and Controlled Detachment

Brunato, Silvia;Mastrotto, Francesca;Bellato, Federica;Garofalo, Mariangela;Gross, Silvia;Salmaso, Stefano
;
Caliceti, Paolo
2021

Abstract

The biorecognition-based control of attachment/detachment of MCF-7 cancer cells from polymer-coated surfaces is demonstrated. A glass surface is coated with a thermoresponsive statistical copolymer of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylamide) [p(NIPAm-co-Am)], which is end-capped with the Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (GRGDS) peptide, and the hydrophilic polymer poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Below the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of p(NIPAm-co-Am) (38 °C), the copolymers are in the extended conformation, allowing for accessibility of the GRGDS peptides to membrane-associated integrins thus enabling cell attachment. Above the LCST, the p(NIPAm-co-Am) polymers collapse into globular conformations, resulting in the shielding of the GRGDS peptides into the PEG brush with consequent inaccessibility to cell-surface integrins, causing cell detachment. The surface coating is carried out by a multi-step procedure that included: glass surface amination with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane; reaction of mPEG5kDa-N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) and p(NIPam-co-Am)15.1kDa-bis-NHS with the surface aminopropyl groups and conjugation of GRGDS to the carboxylic acid termini of p(NIPam-co-Am)15.1kDa-COOH. A range of spectrophotometric, surface, and microscopy assays confirmed the identity of the polymer-coated substrates. Competition studies prove that MCF-7 cancer cells are attached via peptide recognition at the coated surfaces according to the mPEG5kDa/p(NIPam-co-Am)15.1kDa-GRGDS molar ratio. These data suggest the system can be exploited to modulate cell integrin/GRGDS binding for controlled cell capture and release.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3356183
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