The semantic mismatch between query and document terms-i.e., the semantic gap-is a long-standing problem in Information Retrieval (IR). Two main linguistic features related to the semantic gap that can be exploited to improve retrieval are synonymy and polysemy. Recent works integrate knowledge from curated external resources into the learning process of neural language models to reduce the effect of the semantic gap. However, these knowledge-enhanced language models have been used in IR mostly for re-ranking and not directly for document retrieval. We propose the Semantic-Aware Neural Framework for IR (SAFIR), an unsupervised knowledge-enhanced neural framework explicitly tailored for IR. SAFIR jointly learns word, concept, and document representations from scratch. The learned representations encode both polysemy and synonymy to address the semantic gap. SAFIR can be employed in any domain where external knowledge resources are available. We investigate its application in the medical domain where the semantic gap is prominent and there are many specialized and manually curated knowledge resources. The evaluation on shared test collections for medical literature retrieval shows the effectiveness of SAFIR in terms of retrieving and ranking relevant documents most affected by the semantic gap.

Learning Unsupervised Knowledge-Enhanced Representations to Reduce the Semantic Gap in Information Retrieval

Agosti M.;Marchesin S.
;
Silvello G.
2020

Abstract

The semantic mismatch between query and document terms-i.e., the semantic gap-is a long-standing problem in Information Retrieval (IR). Two main linguistic features related to the semantic gap that can be exploited to improve retrieval are synonymy and polysemy. Recent works integrate knowledge from curated external resources into the learning process of neural language models to reduce the effect of the semantic gap. However, these knowledge-enhanced language models have been used in IR mostly for re-ranking and not directly for document retrieval. We propose the Semantic-Aware Neural Framework for IR (SAFIR), an unsupervised knowledge-enhanced neural framework explicitly tailored for IR. SAFIR jointly learns word, concept, and document representations from scratch. The learned representations encode both polysemy and synonymy to address the semantic gap. SAFIR can be employed in any domain where external knowledge resources are available. We investigate its application in the medical domain where the semantic gap is prominent and there are many specialized and manually curated knowledge resources. The evaluation on shared test collections for medical literature retrieval shows the effectiveness of SAFIR in terms of retrieving and ranking relevant documents most affected by the semantic gap.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3356354
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact