SNR G0.9+0.1 is a well-known source in the direction of the Galactic Centre composed by a Supernova Remnant (SNR) and a Pulsar Wind Nebula (PWN) in the core. We investigate the potential of the future Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), simulating observations of SNR G0.9 + 0.1. We studied the spatial and spectral properties of this source and estimated the systematic errors of these measurements. The source will be resolved if the very high-energy emission region is bigger than ∼0.65'. It will also be possible to distinguish between different spectral models and calculate the cutoff energy. The systematic errors are dominated by the Instrument Response Function instrumental uncertainties, especially at low energies. We computed the evolution of a young PWN inside an SNR using a one-zone time-dependent leptonic model. We applied the model to the simulated CTA data and found that it will be possible to accurately measure the cutoff energy of the γ-ray spectrum. Fitting of the multiwavelength spectrum will allow us to constrain also the magnetization of the PWN. Conversely, a pure power-law spectrum would rule out this model. Finally, we checked the impact of the spectral shape and the energy density of the Inter-Stellar Radiation Fields on the estimate of the parameters of the PWN, finding that they are not significantly affected.

Constraining models of the pulsar wind nebula in SNR G0.9+0.1 via simulation of its detection properties using the Cherenkov Telescope Array

Fiori, M;Burtovoi, A;
2020

Abstract

SNR G0.9+0.1 is a well-known source in the direction of the Galactic Centre composed by a Supernova Remnant (SNR) and a Pulsar Wind Nebula (PWN) in the core. We investigate the potential of the future Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), simulating observations of SNR G0.9 + 0.1. We studied the spatial and spectral properties of this source and estimated the systematic errors of these measurements. The source will be resolved if the very high-energy emission region is bigger than ∼0.65'. It will also be possible to distinguish between different spectral models and calculate the cutoff energy. The systematic errors are dominated by the Instrument Response Function instrumental uncertainties, especially at low energies. We computed the evolution of a young PWN inside an SNR using a one-zone time-dependent leptonic model. We applied the model to the simulated CTA data and found that it will be possible to accurately measure the cutoff energy of the γ-ray spectrum. Fitting of the multiwavelength spectrum will allow us to constrain also the magnetization of the PWN. Conversely, a pure power-law spectrum would rule out this model. Finally, we checked the impact of the spectral shape and the energy density of the Inter-Stellar Radiation Fields on the estimate of the parameters of the PWN, finding that they are not significantly affected.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3356441
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