Context. This is the second work dedicated to the observed parallelism between galaxy clusters (GCs) and early-type galaxies (ETGs). The focus is on the distribution of these systems in the scaling relations (SRs) observed when effective radii, effective surface brightness, total luminosities, and velocity dispersions are mutually correlated. Aims. Using the data of the Illustris simulation we speculate on the origin of the observed SRs. Methods. We compare the observational SRs extracted from the database of the WIde-field Nearby Galaxy-cluster Survey with the relevant parameters coming from the Illustris simulations. Then we use the simulated data at different redshift to infer the evolution of the SRs. Results. The comparison demonstrate that GCs at z ∼ 0 follow the same log(L)-†log(σ) relation of ETGs and that both in the log(I e)-log(Re) and log(Re)-log(M∗) planes the distribution of GCs is along the sequence defined by the brightest and massive early-type galaxies (BCGs). The Illustris simulation reproduces the tails of the massive galaxies visible both in the log(Iâ

The parallelism between galaxy clusters and early-type galaxies: II. Clues on the origin of the scaling relations

D'Onofrio M.
;
Chiosi C.;Sciarratta M.;
2020

Abstract

Context. This is the second work dedicated to the observed parallelism between galaxy clusters (GCs) and early-type galaxies (ETGs). The focus is on the distribution of these systems in the scaling relations (SRs) observed when effective radii, effective surface brightness, total luminosities, and velocity dispersions are mutually correlated. Aims. Using the data of the Illustris simulation we speculate on the origin of the observed SRs. Methods. We compare the observational SRs extracted from the database of the WIde-field Nearby Galaxy-cluster Survey with the relevant parameters coming from the Illustris simulations. Then we use the simulated data at different redshift to infer the evolution of the SRs. Results. The comparison demonstrate that GCs at z ∼ 0 follow the same log(L)-†log(σ) relation of ETGs and that both in the log(I e)-log(Re) and log(Re)-log(M∗) planes the distribution of GCs is along the sequence defined by the brightest and massive early-type galaxies (BCGs). The Illustris simulation reproduces the tails of the massive galaxies visible both in the log(Iâ
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3358020
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